Typological Grid – Index Eurasia

Name
Alignment
Name Description
Compare PROG-PAST What is the marking relation between subject and object in present progressive and simple past? Details
Noun: Present Progressive In present progressive: how is the marking of subject and object of nouns realized? Details
Noun: Simple Past In simple past: how is the marking of subject and object of nouns realized? Details
Pronoun: Present Progressive In present progressive: how is the marking of subject and object of pronouns realized? Details
Pronoun: Simple Past In present progressive: how is the marking of subject and object of pronouns realized? Details
Reflexive pronoun in transitive clause What is the alignment of reflexive pronouns? Details
Verb: Present Progressive In present progressive, how is alignment realized on the verb? Details
Verb: Simple Past In simple past, how is alignment realized on the verb? Details
Interrogatives

The domain of question formation languages, including polar interrogatives and WH constructions.

Name Description
Embedded: Compare What does the structure of an embedded polar interrogative compare to that of of matrix polar interrogatives and declarative subordinate clauses? Details
Embedded: Interrogative subordinator Is there a subordinator for introducing embedded polar interrogatives? Details
Embedded: Particle What is the position of the question particle in a polar interrogative embedded clause? Details
Embedded: Verb morphology interaction How does polar interrogativity in an embedded clause interact with the morphology of the verb? Details
Embedded: Word order Do embedded polar interrogatives have a special word order in relation to declaratives? Details
Matrix: Particle What is the position of the question particle in a polar interrogative matrix clause? Details
Matrix: Verb morphology interaction How does polar interrogativity in a matrix clause interact with the morphology of the verb? Details
Matrix: Word order Do matrix polar interrogatives have a special word order in relation to declaratives? Details
WH-element What is the position of the WH-question word? Details
Nominal morphology
Name Description
Case marking On which elements of the NP is the case marking obligatory? Details
Definiteness marking How is definiteness marking realized in the language? Details
Gender / noun class How is gender / noun class realized in the language? Details
Gender agreement How is gender agreement realized in the language? Details
Nominal case What is the realization of case at nouns (nominal heads)? Details
Preposition agreement How is preposition agreement realized in the language? Details
Pronominal case What is the realization of case at pronouns (pronominal heads)? Mainly 1st and 2nd person pronouns, ignoring 3rd person pronouns (which often come from demonstratives). Details
Tense
Name Description
Continous present How is present progressive realized in the language? Details
Future How is future realized in the language? Details
Verbal morphology
Name Description
Allocutive agreement Does the verb agree with the receiver (the person one is speaking to) without the speaker being an argument in the sentence (allocutive agreement, probably no for all languages but Basque!) Details
Present progressive, A In present progressive: how is verbal agreement realized with respect to the agent? Details
Present progressive, DAT In present progressive, how is verbal agreement organized with respect to the indirect object of ditransitive verbs? Details
Present progressive, O In present progressive, how is verbal agreement organized with respect to the object? Details
Simple PAST, A In simple past, how is verbal agreement realized with respect to the agent? Details
Simple PAST, DAT In simple past, how is verbal agreement realized with respect to the indirect object of ditransitive verbs? Details
Simple PAST, O In simple past, how is verbal agreement realized with respect to the object? Details
Word order
Name Description
Adpositions Do adpositions normally occur before or after the noun? Details
Clitic pronouns finite verb Does the clitic object pronoun normally occur before or after a finite verb? E.g.: Je les fais. (OV) If a language does not have clitic object pronouns, it would be 0 in both OV and VO. Details
Clitic pronouns infinitive Does the clitic object pronoun normally occur before or after an infinitive? E.g.: Je veux les faire. (OV) If a language does not have clitic object pronouns, it would be 0 in both OV and VO. Details
Clitic pronouns participle Does the clitic object pronoun normally occur before or after a participle? E.g.: En les faisant... (OV) If a language does not have clitic object pronouns, it would be 0 in both OV and VO. Details
Infinitive Does the object normally occur before or after an infinitive? E.g.: to make pancakes (VO) Pfannkuchen machen (OV) Details
Main clause What is the canonical (neutral) word order in a main clause? Details
Noun-adjective Do adjectives normally occur before or after the noun? Details
Noun-possessor Do possessors normally occur before or after the noun? Details
Noun-relative clause Do relative clauses normally occur before or after the noun? Details
Participle Does the object normally occur before or after a participle? E.g.: making pancakes (VO) Pfannkuchen machend (OV) Details
Subordinate clause What is the canonical (neutral) word order in a subordinate clause? Details
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