Typological Feature – Details

Typological Feature


Name
Verb: Simple Past
Description
In simple past, how is alignment realized on the verb?

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Typological Variants

Name Description
V:PST:A=O? In simple past: Is the verb affix for A the same as for O? I.e.: Does the verb look the same when it refers to the subject of a transitive clause than when it refers to the object of a transitive clause? If there is no O-marking on the verb, but there is an S-marking, the answer would be no, they do not look the same. (e.g., German, Russian) If there is neither an O, nor an A marking, like in Swedish, the answer would be yes, they look the same!
V:PST:A=Sa? In simple past: Is the verb affix for A the same as for Sa? I.e.: Does the verb look the same when it refers to subject of a transitive clause as when it refers to subject of an agentive intransitive verb like "work" or "dance"?
V:PST:O=So? In simple past: Is the verb affix for O the same as for So? I.e.: Does the verb look the same when it refers to the object of a transitive clause as when it refers to the subject of an unaccusative verb (such as "fall" or "die")?
V:PST:Sa=So? In simple past: Is the verb affix the same for Sa (subject of e.g. work) as or So (subject of e.g. fall or die)? I.e., does the verb agreement affix look the same regardless of whether the verb is "work" or "die" (as in German: "arbeitete-st", "starb-st"). I.e.: There does not exist a split into unaccusative and agentive intransitive verbs.

Languages with data for this feature