Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Proto-Celtic *banwo-

young pig, piglet

"There do not seem to be any clear cognates in other IE languages, so this word is, in all likelihood, a loanword from some non-IE source" (RM). Details
Middle Welsh wrch

young pig, boar

m Details
Portuguese bácoro

young pig

m Also bácora f. 'young sow'. Of uncertain origin, but cf. Magreb Arab. bakurí adj. 'early', n. 'early fruit, early lamb' Details
Middle English far

young pig

Details
Old Irish orc, arc

young pig

m "Archaic and poetic" (EDIL). "The name of the Orkneys is probably from the same PCelt. root " (Kroonen). In compounds, the young of other animals: uan-orc 'lamb' (EDIL) Details
Proto-Indo-European *mogh-u-

young person

Details
Proto-Indo-Aryan *chāpa-

young one; young animal

Details
Stub Culture Turkic *ạnkaj

young of ungulates (less than 1-year-old)

Proto-Turkic Details
Classical Greek élenos, énelosἔλενος, ἔνελος

young of the deer, fawn

m Details
French faon

young of the deer

m Details
Latin catŭlus

young of an animal, young dog; by extension the young of other animals

m Ernout & Meillet affirm that the absence of -n- in this form shows it to be unrelated to Lat. canis (DH) Details
Old French faon, faün

young of a wild animal; young deer

m Details
Kurdish (Kurmanji) gîsk

young male goat

m Details
Shughni guǰ

young male goat

m Details
Latin pulla

young hen

f Details
Spanish novilla

young heifer

f Details
Latin haedus

young goat-buck, kid

m Details
Middle Welsh myn

young goat, kid

m Details
Classical Greek éripʰosἔριφος

young goat, kid

m,f Etymology unclear. Beekes notes the resemblance to ἔλαφος 'deer' and a number of other deer- or animal-related words in Greek, including ἐρῑνεός 'wild fig', in which "an old word for 'buck' has... been supposed". Beekes also notes a resemblance with OIr. erp 'goat, deer' probably < PCelt. *erbā-. He states that Arm. oroǰ 'agnus, agna' < *er-oǰ, Arm. erinǰ 'young cow' and Lat. ariēs, -ētis, U erietu 'arietem' are "much farther away" from the Greek. Details
Middle Breton menn

young goat

"menn, g. cheureau, l. caprillus" (Catholicon 1464) Details

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