Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Stub Culture Indo-European PSl. *volъ 'ox'

Etym. dubious. Perhaps < *valiti v. 'to throw down, to castrate' (AED).
AED, CDB
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *yeu-h, *yeuwh-, *yew-g- 'yoke'

Skt. go-yūti- 'yoke' (in the sense of a yoked pair of draught animals) & Lith. jautis 'ox', connected by CDB with the IE word for 'yoke', PIE. *yeu-h, *yeuwh-, *yew-g- (IEW: 508).
CDB
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Proto-Tocharian *wäkwso

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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *ḱerh₂- 'head, horn'

Alb. ka m. 'ox' < PAlb. *kaxa < IE *kes- v. 'to scratch, to cut' (Orel's etymology). However, Meyer connects Alb. ka with Lith. kárvė 'cow', PSl. *kòrva 'cow', etc.
AED, Occ. cervier m. 'lynx': compare OFr. lou-cervier, loup-cervier < Lat. lupus_cervarius 'lynx, woverine (?)' < cervarius 'pertaining to deer' < cervus m. 'stag, deer' < PItal. *ker(a)wo- 'horned animal, stag' < PIE. *ḱer(h₂)-uo- 'having horns', 1. PIE. *ḱerh₂- 'head, horn' ”Identical with several words for 'deer' and other horn…
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₂wŕ̥s-en- 'male'

ἄρσην" from Etymological Dictionary of Greek by Robert S. P. Beekes (Ph.D. 1969) http://dictionaries.brillonline.com.ludwig.lub.lu.se, 1. Lat. vērres 'boar, castrated boar'  2. ClArm. aṙn 'wild ram'  < PIE. *h₁r̥s-en  "The appurtenance of aṙn to IE *Hrsen- is beyond doubt. Georg. arni 'wild sheep' and Syr. arnā 'mountain goat' are considered Armenian loanwords" (HKM).
Hrach K. Martirosyan. "aṙn" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Arm.enian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionar…
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Proto-Italic wors-en-

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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *demh₂- v. 'to tame'

*demh₂- v. 'to tame' (RB; IEW: 199f.). Related to Gr. δαμάλης, Alb. dem, Skt. damya-.  // PGm. *tamjan- wv. ‘to tame’ < PIE. *domh₂-éie- /Go. ga-tamjan wv. 'tame, subdue', ON temja wv. 'to tame; train', OE temian wv. 'to tame', MLG temen, temmen wv. 'id.', Du. temmen wv. 'id.', OHG zemman wv. 'id.', MHG zemen wv. 'id.', G zähmen wv. 'id.' / Skt. damáyati v. 'to subdue' < * domh₂-éie-; Lat. domō, -āre v. 'to tame' < * domh₂-eh₂-ie-; Gr. δάμνημι v. 'to tame', OIr. damnaim v. 'to bind' < * dm-n-éh… Details
Proto-Indo-European *domh₂-éie-

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Gaulish Damona

Theonym Details
Proto-Albanian *dama

"Etymologically related to OIr. dam 'ox' and probably to Gr. δαμάλης 'calf'." (AED) Details
Stub Culture Indo-European Skt. balilla 'ox'

Turner Details
Stub Culture Indo-European calf-1

PIE. *gʷelbh-u- (IEW: 473). "Beside the feminine word for 'womb', there is the zero grade neuter Av. gərəbuš- 'young animal'; therefore, for δελφύς an s- stem may be considered as well (Schwyzer: 516). δολφός corresponds to Skt. gárbha-, Av. garəβa- [m.] 'womb'. The Greek form with a labiovelar (* gʷelbh-u-, * gʷolbh-o-) does not accord well with the * k- in Gm. forms like OHG kilbur [n.] 'ewe lamb', OHG kalb 'calf', etc., which therefore have to remain apart, unless we assume dissimilation gʷ … Details
Proto-Germanic *kalbōn-

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Stub Culture Indo-European OIr. gamuin 'calf'

OIr. gamuin m. 'calf'
IEW, FGB, AFB
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Proto-Germanic *kelbuza-

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Stub Culture Indo-European calf-2

RM, AED, KK, PIE. *leh₂p- 'cattle' (IEW: 654)   - PCelt. *lāfigo- or *lāpego ‘calf’ < PIE. *leh₂p- 'cattle' (RM), Alb. lopë f. 'cow' (AED), perhaps also Latv. lops, lùops m. 'farm animal' & Lith. lúopas, lúobas 'clumsy person or animal'. Matasovic regards Alb. lopë f. 'cow' and Latv. lops, lùops m. 'farm animal' as cognates of the Celtic 'calf' words. For Karulis, the etymology is unresolved and other possibilities are proposed, notably that the Baltic word may have been borrowed from a German… Details
Proto-Albanian *lāpā

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Stub Culture Indo-European Lat. novus 'new'

Sp. novillo m. 'young bull' < nuevo 'new' < Lat. novus 'new'
DH
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Stub Culture Indo-European Lat. terner adj. 'young, tender'

OSD Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *mogh-u- 'young person'

PIE *mogh-u- 'young person' (IEW: 696): Goth. magus 'boy', mawi 'young girl', Av. maγava- 'unmarried'; OIr. mug ‘slave’ plus other Celtic cognates < PCelt. *mogu- ‘servant’< PIE. *mogh-u-. According to Orel, Alb. meshk m. 'bull-calf' < PAlb. *maguša < IE *maghu-, *maghos.
AED
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