Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Gaulish Tarvisium

Toponym: modern Treviso, Veneto, Italy Details
Stub Culture Indo-European bull-2

PGm. *steura- m. ‘bull’ (GK). Further etymology uncertain. Probably not cognate with Gr. ταῦρος and its cognates (RB). "Usually connected to Av. staora-, but this term may have been derived from *steh₂uro- 'big' (cf. *stōra- ~ *stura-). Another possibility is to link the word to *þeura- (q.v.) with the same meaning, but the required assumption of both ablaut with extra-Gm. *tauro- and s-mobile makes this connection problematic. Starting from the idea that the word was absorbed from a pre-Indo-… Details
Stub Culture Indo-European bull-1

1. PCelt. *tarwo- < PIE. *tawro- (RM); 2. Lat. taurus m. ‘bull’ < PItal. *tauro- (MDV); 3. PGm. *þeura- m. ‘bull’ (GK); 4. Gr. ταῦρος [m.] ‘bull’ (Il.) < IE? *teh₂u-ro- 'bull' (RB); PSl. *tȗrъ m. ‘aurochs’ < BSl. *taurós < PIE. *th₂euro- (tauro- ) (RD). "The earlier history of the word is uncertain: there is no cognate in IIr. or Tocharian, whereas there are Semitic words for 'bull' which are conspicuously similar. Hence, it may have been an early loanword of the form *tauro- into the wester… Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *bhel-

PGm. *bulan-, *bullan- < proto-form. *bhl-én-. "The formation seems to have been derived from a PIE word for 'testicle', cf. ON bǫllr m. 'testicle' and OE bealloc m. 'id.' < *ballaka-" (GK)
Guus Kroonen. "bul(l)an-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. February 26, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=20737 >, PCelt. *ballo- 'member, penis' < PIE *bhel- 'sw…
Details
Proto-Germanic *bulan-, *bullan-

"There may have been an Old English *bulla, whence the derivative bulluc ‘bullock’, as the source of the Middle English bule, bulle, and the modern bull, which do not fit phonetically the bole forms" (OED) Details
Stub proto-form *bhl-én-

"There may have been an Old English *bulla, whence the derivative bulluc ‘bullock’, as the source of the Middle English bule, bulle, and the modern bull, which do not fit phonetically the bole forms" (OED) Details
Gaulish Ballo-marios

Personal name Details
Proto-Indo-European *bhln-

Details
Proto-Germanic *farwa-, *farzwa-

adj Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *prh₃-o- 'providing'

PGm. *farza-, *farzan- m. 'young bull' < *farwa-, farzwa- adj. < proto-form. *por- v. 'to be with young'/ "Originally 'young of an animal, variously specialised' (CDB)/Kroonen also cites Eng. farrow, WFri. fear, Du. vaar adj. 'without calf' < * far(z)wa- /
Guus Kroonen. "farza(n)-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. February 26, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lem…
Details
Proto-Germanic *farsjō-

Details
Proto-Indo-European *pórs-ieh₂-

Details
Stub proto-form *pórs-ieh₂-

Details
Proto-Indo-European *por-i-

Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *gʷh₃urs-en- 'male bovine'

PGm. *kursan- m. ‘bull calf’ < PIE. *gʷh₃urs-en-. "An Indo-European compound of *gʷ(e)h₃-u- 'cow' and *ursén- 'male (animal)'." (GK)
Guus Kroonen. "kursan-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. May 20, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=21797 >
Details
Proto-Indo-European *gʷh₃urs-en-

"An Indo-European compound of *gʷ(e)h₃-u- 'cow' and *ursén- 'male (animal)" (GK) Details
Proto-Indo-European *gʷow-wṛsēn-

Details
Proto-Tocharian *kæwurṣæ

Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PTch. *sārm 'seed'

DTB Details
Stub Culture Indo-European bull-4

Turner Details

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