Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Classical Greek éripʰosἔριφος

young goat, kid

m,f Etymology unclear. Beekes notes the resemblance to ἔλαφος 'deer' and a number of other deer- or animal-related words in Greek, including ἐρῑνεός 'wild fig', in which "an old word for 'buck' has... been supposed". Beekes also notes a resemblance with OIr. erp 'goat, deer' probably < PCelt. *erbā-. He states that Arm. oroǰ 'agnus, agna' < *er-oǰ, Arm. erinǰ 'young cow' and Lat. ariēs, -ētis, U erietu 'arietem' are "much farther away" from the Greek. Details
Latin haedus

young goat-buck, kid

m Details
Spanish novilla

young heifer

f Details
Latin pulla

young hen

f Details
Shughni guǰ

young male goat

m Details
Kurdish (Kurmanji) gîsk

young male goat

m Details
Old French faon, faün

young of a wild animal; young deer

m Details
Latin catŭlus

young of an animal, young dog; by extension the young of other animals

m Ernout & Meillet affirm that the absence of -n- in this form shows it to be unrelated to Lat. canis (DH) Details
French faon

young of the deer

m Details
Classical Greek élenos, énelosἔλενος, ἔνελος

young of the deer, fawn

m Details
Stub Culture Turkic *ạnkaj

young of ungulates (less than 1-year-old)

Proto-Turkic Details
Proto-Indo-Aryan *chāpa-

young one; young animal

Details
Proto-Indo-European *mogh-u-

young person

Details
Old Irish orc, arc

young pig

m "Archaic and poetic" (EDIL). "The name of the Orkneys is probably from the same PCelt. root " (Kroonen). In compounds, the young of other animals: uan-orc 'lamb' (EDIL) Details
Middle English far

young pig

Details
Portuguese bácoro

young pig

m Also bácora f. 'young sow'. Of uncertain origin, but cf. Magreb Arab. bakurí adj. 'early', n. 'early fruit, early lamb' Details
Middle Welsh wrch

young pig, boar

m Details
Proto-Celtic *banwo-

young pig, piglet

"There do not seem to be any clear cognates in other IE languages, so this word is, in all likelihood, a loanword from some non-IE source" (RM). Details
Proto-Indo-European *porḱ-o-, *porḱo-

young pig, piglet; digger

This Indo-European word for 'pig(let)' "may have originally referred to the wild boar rather than the domesticated animal" (Kroonen) Details
Stub Culture Turkic *čōčka

young pig; child, boy; pig

Proto-Turkic Details

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