Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Avestan simōiϑrā-

yoke

Exact meaning not known
f Details
Yiddish joxיאָך

yoke

m,f Details
Middle Greek zygósζυγός

yoke

m Details
Sogdian yγū̆

yoke

m Details
Portuguese canga

yoke for oxen, porterʼs yoke; ox-yoke; servitude, oppression; ox-yoke; servitude, oppression

f Etymology debatable. The most plausible euggestion is <- PCelt. *cambica 'curved wood'. The suggestion (see DH) of borrowing, in the context of slave-trading, from a Bantu language such as Kicongo (Kicongo kanga v. 'to tie, to take, to capture') is unsustainable since the word is already attested in Portuguese and elsewhere in Iberia in the fourteenth century (COR) Details
Sanskrit go-yūti-

yoke of cattle; pair of yoked animals

f Details
Classical Greek zeûgosζεῦγος

yoke of oxen, team, pair

n Details
Polish jugo, igo

yoke, cross-beam

n Dialectal forms. Details
Proto-Celtic *wedo-

yoke, harness

Details
Proto-Slavic *arь̀mъ, *arьmò

yoke, ox-yoke

m, m "Derivative of the root *h₂er- 'join', cf. Gk. ἀραρίσκω 'join, fit together'. The long initial vowel must be a Slavic innovation" (RD). Details
Hittite iūk-, iuka-

yoke, pair

n Details
Tocharian A muk

yoke, team

Details
Occitan jo

yoke, yoke

m Details
Sanskrit dhúr-, dhurā

yoke, yoke-pin

f Details
German Joch

yoke; a measure of land

n The measure of land meaning comes from "the amount of land a span of oxen can plough in one day". Details
Gujarati dhar

yoke; beginning

f Details
Punjabi jot

yoke; cultivation

m Details
Classical Greek zygónζυγόν

yoke; Libra

n Also metaph., e.g. of a crossbeam, of the rowing benches connecting the two ship sides, of the tongue of a balance, of a pair, of a row or a rank of soldiers, as a land measure. Details
Classical Greek zygósζυγός

yoke; Libra

m Also metaph., e.g. of a crossbeam, of the rowing benches connecting the two ship sides, of the tongue of a balance, of a pair, of a row or a rank of soldiers, as a land measure. Details
Sanskrit yugá-

yoke; pair, team; race, tribe

n Details

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