Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Stub Culture Indo-European cat-3

Originally denoted some other predatory small animal, probably the marten or the ferret. Subsequently used by Cicero to describe the Egyptians' domesticated cats. The usual Lat. word for 'cat' until displaced by LLat. cattus (CDB).
CDB
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Stub Culture Indo-European cat-4

Rum. pisică 'cat' < pis 'a call-word for cats'. Similar to Lith. puž, LG. puus, Du. poes, Eng. puss (CDB)
CDB
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Stub Culture Indo-European cat-5

Sl. mačka 'cat'
CDB
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Stub Culture Indo-European cat-6

Latv. kak'is, kak'e 'cat'. Loanword?
CDB
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Stub Culture Indo-European cat-7

Turner Details
Stub Culture Indo-European cat-8

Skt. mārjara- 'cat' < mṛj- v. 'to wipe, to clean'
Turner
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Proto-Indo-European *mel-, *mel

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Proto-Germanic *bîôn-, *biôn

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Proto-Indo-European *bhi-

Also: býfluga 'bee' (CDB), Cognates according to OED: "Old English béo = Old High German bîa (German dialect beie), Middle Low German bîe, Low German bigge, Middle Dutch bie, Dutch bij, all feminine" Details
Proto-Germanic *bini

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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *meli- 'honey'

Arm. meɫu 'bee' < mełr 'honey' < IE *mel & Gr. μέλισσα, μέλιττα f. 'bee' < μέλι, μέλιτος n. 'honey' < IE *melit- 'honey'
Hrach K. Martirosyan. "meɫu" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 31, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=669 >, DEX, 1. PGm. *meliþ- n. ‘honey’ < proto-form. *meli-t- (GK) 2. PCelt. *meli 'honey' …
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Proto-Albanian *melitjā

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Stub Culture Indo-European bee-1

"Common Germanic: Old English béo = Old High German bîa (German dialect beie), Middle Low German bîe, Low German bigge, Middle Dutch bie, Dutch bij, all feminine; Old Norse bý (? neuter) < Germanic *bîôn- or biôn; beside which there is Old High German bini neuter, Middle High German bine, bin, feminine, modern German biene < Germanic *bini; all going back to root bi-, perhaps = Aryan bhi- ‘to fear,’ in the sense of ‘quivering,’ or its development ‘buzzing, humming.’ " (OED).
OED, CDB, Ranko M…
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Proto-Indo-European *bhoy-ko-

"Can be derived from *bhoy-ko-" (RM) Details
Proto-Balto-Slavic *bi-t-, *bi-kel-eh₂

, Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *gʷhen- 'strike, slay'

PCelt. *gʷan-o- v. 'to strike, to kill' < PIE. *gʷhen- 'strike, slay' (IEW: 491-493) (RM). Brittonic derivatives meaning 'bee'-
Ranko Matasović. "gʷan-o-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. September 1, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=16465 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European bee-2

OIr. bech-teillén, bech-theillén Details
Proto-Italic *api-?

"No accepted etymology. Vennemann 1998a proposes that apis is a loanword from Semitic, comparing Hieroglyphic Egyptian 'fj 'bee'." (MDV). Details
Stub Culture Indo-European bee-3

Lat. apis 'bee' < PItal. *api-? (MDV). "No accepted etymology. Vennemann 1998a proposes that apis is a loanword from Semitic, comparing Hieroglyphic Egyptian 'fj 'bee'. " (MDV).
Michiel de Vaan. "apis" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 31, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=12733 >, Lat. apicula (dim.) < a…
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₂eulo- 'tube, cavity'

Rum. albínă 'bee' < LLat. alvina 'beehive' < Lat. alvus f. 'belly, beehive' < PItal. *aulos < PIE. *h₂eulo- 'tube, cavity'
"alvus" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin, edited by: Michiel de Vaan (Ph.D. 2002). Consulted online on 27/09/2017 <http://dictionaries.brillonline.com.ludwig.lub.lu.se/search#dictionary=latin&id=la0054> First published online: October 2010
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