Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Welsh efydd

bronze, brass

m Now mostly only in the sense 'bronze'. W copr <- Eng. copper replaces W efydd in the sense 'copper' Details
Welsh pres

brass

m Details
Welsh haearn

iron

m Details
Welsh arian

silver

m Details
Welsh awr

gold

n Details
Welsh coed

wood (forest); wood (material); trees (collective)

m Details
Welsh clegyr

heap of stones

m Details
Welsh clogwyn

rock, rocky hill, cliff

m Details
Welsh maen hir

standing stone

m Details
Welsh cwd

pouch, scrotum

m Compare OE cod 'bag', given as Germanic in OED. Details
Welsh peth

part, thing

Details
Welsh lledr

leather

m Details
Welsh ysgien

knife

f "Probably an Irish loanword" according to Matasovic. Details
Welsh cyllell

knife

f Details
Welsh gwayw

spear

Details
Welsh gwaywffon

spear

f Compound: gwayw 'spear' & ffon f. 'stick'. Compare OIr. gae 'used esp. of the spear-blade or head' (EDIL). Details
Welsh bwa

bow

m Details
Welsh saeth

arrow

f Details
Welsh cleddaum, cleddyf

sword

m Ultimately from PCelt. *kladimo- or *kladiwo-. There are claims and counterclaims regarding possible borrowing between Celtic languages. According to RM, "the Brittonic words (MW cledyf, MBret. clezeff, Co. clethe) are early loanwords from Goidelic". Conversely, MDV gives the direction of borrowing as follows: OIr. claideb <- W cleddyf < *kladimo-. Details
Welsh gwn-

to make

v Details

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