Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *steb(h)- 'post, pole, (tree) trunk; to support, to hold, to pound, to tread'

OPrus. stabis 'rock, stone' Details
Old Prussian stabni


Stub Culture Indo-European stone-9

PCelt. *klukā ‘stone, rock’. Probably borrowed from some non-IE language (RM).
Ranko Matasović. "klukā" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 9, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=16690 >
Proto-Celtic *klukā

stone, rock

Further etymology: probably borrowed from some non-IE language (RM). Details
Middle English stæn, stoon, stonne, stone


Middle English rocke

large mass of stone; cliff, crag, or other such natural feature

The barely-attested OE rocc does not survive in Middle English. Instead, according to OED, ME rocke is (re-)borrowed from multiple sources,including: AN rokke, OFr. roke, MFr. roque, rocque (c1100); also AN, OFr., MFr. & Fr. roche (end of the 10th cent.), feminine noun, and MFr. & Fr. roc (c1370), masculine noun, probably showing influence from Old Occitan (OED). Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *stoiH-no- 'stone'

PIE. *stoiH-no- : "a no-stem created to the PIE root * steih₂- v. 'to stiffen', cf. Skt. styā́yate v. 'to coagulate' < * sth₂-i-oi-e, which seems to be derived from an i-present to * steh₂- v. 'to stand'." (GK) 1) PGm. *staina- m. ‘stone’ < PIE. *stoiH-no- 2) PSl. *stěna f. 'stone' < PIE. *stoih₂-neh₂- 'stone'
Guus Kroonen. "staina-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February …
Stub Culture Indo-European stone-7

Pl. głaz m. 'stone, boulder'. Possibly connected with PIE *k'(e)l- 'rock, stone', or with PIE *gel- v. 'to form into a ball' (Pokorney, de Vries).
Middle Low German stēnrotse

Compound: stēn 'stone' & rotse 'rock'; compare OE stānrocc 'rock formation; cliff, crag, etc.' Details
Stub Culture Indo-European stone-8

LLat. rocca, OFr. roche 'stone, rock'. A Romance word of uncertain origin, first attested in LLat. rocca (8th century), especially in French sources. The hypothesis of Celtic origin “has been suggested… but is not generally accepted” (OED 2010).
Stub Culture Indo-European stone-6

AED Details
Stub Culture Indo-European stone-5

PCelt. *glendos- ‘valley, shore’ < PIE. *glend- 'shore'. “Clearly limited to Celtic and Germanic, this word could have been borrowed from some non-IE language of NW Europe.” (RM) // OIr. glend [s n] (DIL glenn) MW glynn (GPC glyn) [m] 'glen, valley' MBret. glann 'shore' Co. glan // MLG klint, 'shore' ON klettr 'rock'
"glendos-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic, edited by: Ranko Matasovi?, Ph.D. (1995). Consulted online on 05/10/2017 <http://dictionaries.brillonline.com.ludwig.lub.lu.…
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *pel- 'stone'

Proto-Indo-European *phels-/*phols-/*phḷs- 'stone' (AB): 1. PGm. *felsa, *felesa- m. ‘mountain’ < proto-form. *pe/ol-es-o- (GK). ON fell, fjall poins to *fel(V)sa- (with assimilation of the s and breaking of -e- to -ja-), but the WGm. attestations can go back to both *felesa- or *falisa-. The latter form is supported by OFr. falise, Fr. falaise, faloise. OFr. falise, Fr. falaise, faloise < OFr. *falisa-, “a Franconian loanword” according to GK, but Norman according to TLF. // 2. PCelt. *fales-… Details
Gaulish Alesia, Alisia

Toponym Details
Proto-Balto-Slavic *steb-, *stab-

Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *leh₁- 'stone'

PCelt. *līwank- ‘stone, pillar’ < PIE. *leh₁- 'stone' / It. lava 'lava', Fr. dial. lave, Pr. lavo, lauvo 'flat stone' may be from Gaul. *lawā < *lh₁w-. Gallo-Lat. lausiae 'pebbles in a stone-quarry' (cf. Fr. lause, lauze 'pierre plate utilisée comme dalle') may be from an old s-stem *laws- < *lh₁us-, cf. also Fr. losange 'lozenge' and the toponym Lausanne, which may be from *laws-on- < *lh₁u-s-on-, or *lh₁us-h₃en-, with the possessive suffix *-h₃en-. If the etymology is correct, we should prob… Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PCelt. *magino- ‘stone, place’

PCelt. *magino- ‘stone, place’. The attribution in IEW (709) to the root *meǵh₂- 'great' is possible, cf. Skt. mahī́- 'earth' (< *'the great one') and PCelt. *magos 'field', which might also be related. In this connection, it is interesting to note that W maen specifally means a stone 'having some speciality or a particular use', according to GPC. The OIr. form in -ā is a collective built from *magino-, like Lat. loca from locus.
Ranko Matasović. "magino-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-…
Stub Culture Indo-European stone-10

PGm. *hargu- m. ‘sacrificial mound?’ < proto-form. *kark-ú-. Note also Finnish karkko, karkku 'pile, stone wall, cliff'. OW creic, W craig f. 'rock' < * krakyā-; Vann. krah 'hillock' < * krakkā-; less certain: OIr. carrac f. 'rock', OW carrecc, W carreg f. 'stone, rock' < * krs-Vk-ā-(?) and OIr. carn n. 'heap of stones', W carn m./f. 'id.' < * krn-(?). // // Etymology: “Outside Germanic, there are some similar formations in Celtic... but none of these forms can be reconciled with the Germanic… Details

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