Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Stub Culture Indo-European bow-4

Skt. dhanvan- n. 'bow' < dhanvana- 'a certain fruit-tree' CDB. This etymology is declined by Mayrhofer. Details
Avestan ϑanvan-,  ϑanvar-

bow

Compare Skt. dhanvan- n. 'bow' < dhanvana- 'a certain fruit-tree'. Details
Old Persian θanuvaniya-

archer, bowman

Details
Stub Culture Indo-European BSl. *lonkos

PSl. *lǫ̑kъ m. ‘bow’ < BSl. *lonkos / SCr. lȗk 'shaft-bow, bow', Gsg. lȗka; Čak. lȗk (Orb.) 'bow (on the cover of a well)'; Sln. lǫ̑k 'shaft-bow, bow, rainbow'; Bulg. lăk 'bow' / Lith. lañkas 'shaft-bow, hoop, bow'; Latv. lùoks 'shaft-bow, rim' OPr. lunkis (EV) 'corner'
Rick Derksen. "lǫ̑kъ" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 23, 2015. < http://iedo.brillon…
Details
Stub Culture Indo-European bow-1

Gr. τόξον n. ‘bow’. Pre-Greek, no further etymology. "Replaces inherited βιός. In Homer, τόξον is already the more usual word for 'bow'. As the Iranians, and especially the Scythians, were famous archers, one might suspect τόξον to be a loan from an Iranian language... However, the Mycenaean attestations disprove this possibility. Thus, τόξον could be of Pre-Greek origin. Latin taxus 'yew-tree' could also be related, but it cannot be a borrowing from Greek." (RB)
Robert Beekes (with the assista…
Details
Stub Culture Indo-European bow-3

Arm. aɫeɫn ‘bow; rainbow’ Etymology uncertain. Also the compound *net-u-aɫeɫn 'arrow and bow'
Hrach K. Martirosyan. "aɫeɫn" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 23, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=34 >
Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *wendh- v. 'to wind'

BTch. wäntalyi < wänt- 'wind, twist'
DTB
Details
Stub Culture Indo-European bow-2

1. PGm. *arhwō- f. ‘arrow’ < proto-form. *h₂erk-uh₂- / / 2. Lat. arcus m. 'bow; arch' < PItal. *arkuo-, *arkʷo- 'bow' Further etymology uncertain. Probably a non-IE loanword. Connected with PGm. *arχwō 'arrow', as well as BSl. and Greek words for 'willow' and 'juniper' (MDV).
Michiel de Vaan. "arcus" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 23, 2015. < h…
Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *doru-, *derwo- 'wood, tree'

1. Gr. δρῦς, δρῡμός f. ‘tree, (especially) oak’ < PIE. *doru-, gen. *dreus 'wood, tree' (RB) 2. PSl. *dȇrvo n. ‘tree, wood’ < BSl. *der(ʔ)wom < *deru-o- (RD) 3. Alb. dru m. 'tree' f. 'wood' (AED). Identical with Skt. dru- 'wood', and also cognates in Germanic, eg. Go. triu < PGm. *trewa- < PIE. *dreu-o-.
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "δρῦς" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014…
Details
Middle English holte, halte, hoult

wood (small forest)

Details
Old Church Slavonic mežda

alley

Cognates in most IE branches. Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *kold-eh₂- 'wood, forest'

1. PGm. *hulta- n. ‘grove’ < proto-form. *kold-o-: a European word (GK). 2. PSl. *kòlda f. ‘block, log’ < PIE. *kold-eh₂-/ / Gk. κλάδος m. 'branch, shoot'; OIc. holt m. 'wood'; OHG holz m. 'wood' / Ir. coill?
Guus Kroonen. "hulta-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. December 19, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=21529 >
Details
Dutch timmer

timber

Details
Persian dɑr

wood; tree

Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *demh₁- v. 'to build'

PGm. *timbra- n. ‘timber, lumber’ < PIE. *dem(H)-ro- (GK). Also cf. the denominal Go. timrjan wv. 'to build' < *temrjan-, and - with a zero grade - *tumfeti- 'foundation'.
Guus Kroonen. "timbra-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. December 17, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=22737 >
Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *gʷrH-

1. PSl. *gorà f. ‘mountain’ < BSl. *gor-, *gir- < PIE. *gʷrH-, cognate with Skt. girí- m. 'mountain, hill' (RD). 2. Alb. gur m. 'stone, rock' < PAlb. *gura < PIE. *gʷrH- (AED)
Rick Derksen. "gorà" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. December 19, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=18907 >
Details
Stub Culture Indo-European wood-8

PSl. *lě̑sъ m. ‘forest, wood(s)’. Etymology unclear: “if there is an etymological connection with OE lǣs f. 'pasture', Gsg. lǣswe , we might reconstruct * leh₁s-u-.” (RD) / OCS lěsъ Ru. les; Ukr. lis Cz. les; Slk. les; Pl. las SCr. lȉjes; Sln. lẹ̑s 'wood (material), forest', Bulg. les Details
Old Frisian timber

timber

Details
Middle English timber, timbur, tymber, tymbyr

wood, esp. as building material; material in general

Details
Tocharian B yasa

gold

Details

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