Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Czech sudlice

weapon, spear

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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *weyh₁-ro- 'turned, twisted'

Bret. gwareg 'bow' < gwar adj. 'bent' < PCelt. *wēro- ‘crooked’ < PIE. *weyh₁-ro- 'turned, twisted' / /MW gwyr (GPC gŵyr) MBret. goar, MoBret. gwar 'curved' / OE wīr 'wire' “The PIE root is *weyh₁- 'turn, twist', cf. OCS viti, Lat. uieo, etc.”
Ranko Matasović. "wēro-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 23, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/l…
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Middle English bow, boȝe, bowe

bow; arc, arch

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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *gʷieh₂- 'string'

βιός m. ‘bow, bowstring’ < PIE. *gʷieh₂- 'string'. This inherited term was replaced, as early as Homer, by (non-IE) τόξον (RB).
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "βιός" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 24, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=4203 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₂eiḱ-(s)m- 'spear'

Gr. αἰχμή f. ‘point of a spear, spear’ & Baltic 'spear' words.
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "αἰχμή" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 22, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=3233 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European spear-6

CDB Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *bher- v. 'to bring, to carry'

Alb. ber m. 'bow, arrow, spear' < PAlb. *bōra. Derivative of Alb. bie v. 'to fall, to hit, to strike, to beat' < PAlb. *berja < PIE. *bher- v. 'to bring, to carry'
AED
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *(s)teu- v. 'to strike, to hit'

Hitt. tūri- (n. /c.) ‘spear, lance’
AK
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *bhewg(h)- 'bend'

PCelt. *buggo- adj. ‘soft, tender’ < PIE. *bhewg(h)- 'bend' (IEW: 152) / MIr. boc /OBret. buc gl. putris, MBret. and MoBret. boug 'tender' // Skt. bhujáti 'bends', Go. biugan ”The semantic development that has to be assumed for this etymology to work ('bent' > 'kneaded' > 'softened') is quite complex. Go. biugan and the related Germanic words (Germ. biegen, etc.) point to the PIE root with a word-final voiced stop (*bhewgh-), while Skt. bhujáti must be from PIE *bhewg-. Note also that the gem… Details
Stub Culture Indo-European arrow-4

PGm. *strēlō- f. ‘ray, beam, stick, arrow’ < proto-form. * streh1-lo/eh2- / GK says: "No further cognates. OCS strěla f. 'arrow' is a Germanic loanword." However, REW and KK suggest that the Baltic and Slavic words are inherited. CDB says the Baltic words are "from the Slavic".
Guus Kroonen. "strēlō-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 25, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline…
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *gʷelh₁- 'hit by throwing'

Gr. βέλος n. 'projectile, throwing weapon; arrow' < βάλλω v. ‘to throw, hit’ < PIE. *gʷelh₁- 'hit by throwing'. "Remarkably, this seemingly old verb has no certain cognates" (RB).
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "βάλλω" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. March 3, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=4079 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European arrow-3

Lat. pīlum n. ‘javelin, spear'. Origin much disputed. OED says: classical Latin pīlum 'the heavy javelin of the Roman foot-soldier', originally 'pestle' < the same base as pīnsere v. 'to pound'... compare classical Latin pīla mortar... the transfer of sense is unclear but probably originates in Roman military slang."
OED
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Persian nay, nāy

reed, cane; flute, pipe

New Persian. Compare Manichean Middle Persian n'y, Pahlavi n'd 'reed, cane; tube, pipe, flute, clarion', Parthian nd 'pipe, flute; cane, rod' (HKM). Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *nedo- 'reed'

Arm. net ‘arrow’ < PIE. *nedo- 'reed': Skt. naḍá- 'reed', ManMPers. n'y, Pahl. n'd 'reed, cane; tube, pipe, flute, clarion', Parth. nd 'pipe, flute; cane, rod', Pers. na/āy 'reed, cane; flute, pipe', The meaning 'arrow' is also found, probably, in Hittite: nāta- c. 'reed, arrow, drinking straw' Skt. nāḍī́- 'pipe, flute, vein'
Hrach K. Martirosyan. "net" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Br…
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Stub Culture Indo-European proto-form. *pléuk-e-

Derivatives from PGm. *fleugan- s.v. ‘to fly’ < proto-form. *pléuk-e-; and the iterative *flukk/gōn- < *pluk-néh₂- : MDu. vlieke, vleke f. 'feather; arrow' < *fleukjōn-, etc.
Guus Kroonen. "fleugan-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 25, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=21039 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European arrow-5

PGm. *bulta(n)- v. 'to hit, to bump' < PIE. *bhld- "The remoter etymology is unknown; but it cannot be referred to the verb stem bul- 'to swell, be round'. " (OED)
CDB, KK, GK
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Middle English arc

part of a circle or curve; arch

Further etymology uncertain, probably a non-IE loanword. Note also ME arch 'curve, or part of a curve; curved object' <- OFr. arche f. 'arch, edifice' < Latin arca 'chest, coffer'; "also, through some confusion, used in Old French for arc m. 'bow' < Lat. arcum 'bow'." (OED 1885). TLF says: "Empr. à un b. lat. *arca pour arcus (arc*)". Details
Middle English aewe, arewe, arowe

arrow

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Stub Culture Indo-European arrow-1

Lat. sagitta f. 'arrow'. "No etymology" (MDV); possibly an Etruscan loanword (CDB).
Michiel de Vaan. "sagitta" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 25, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=14079 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European arrow-2

Elf. kuov
LS
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