Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *ksuró-

Skt. churikā- 'knife' < kṣurikā-, kṣura- < IE *ksuró-
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "ξυρόν" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 6, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=7856 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European spear-1

Gr. λόγχη f. 'spearhead, javelin, lance'. Of unknown origin. "Probably from the same (Celtic) source as Lat. lancea" (CDB); "all previous hypotheses are unconvincing" (RB).
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "λόγχη" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 21, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=7194 >, Lat. lancea f. 'spe…
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Proto-Indo-European *ksuró-

razor

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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *wēb-en-

Tch. yepe < PIE. *wēb-en-, Goth. wepn, ON. vápn Details
Middle Breton squeiaff, squeigaff

cut

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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *sḱey- v. 'to cut'

PCelt. *skiy-o- v. ‘cut’ < PIE. *sḱey- v. 'to cut' (IEW: 919f.)/OIr. scian [ā f] 'knife' (RM). "W ysgien is probably an Irish loanword corresponding to OIr. scían 'knife' (from PCelt. *skēno- < *sḱey-no-)" (RM) //// Lat. sacēna, scēna [f.] 'sacrificial axe' < secāre ‘to cut, sever’ < PItal. *sekaje/o- < PIE. *sekh₁-ie/o- v. 'to cut off'. "The noun s(a)cēna... is only attested in quotations by Festus and Paulus, and its form vacillates; still, the fact that it was borrowed into Celtic (OIr. s… Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *(s)kolh₂/₃-tro- 'instrument for cleaving'

Lat. culter -trī m. ‘knife; cutting part of a plough’ < PItal. *k(e/o)l-tro- 'knife' < PIE. *(s)kolh₂/3-tro- 'instrument for cleaving'
Michiel de Vaan. "culter" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 2, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=13054 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₁noǵh-io-

Rick Derksen. "nòžь" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 6, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=19578 > Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *ḱēi- v. 'to sharpen'

Alb. thikë 'knife' < PAlb. *tsikā < PIE. *ḱēi- v. 'to sharpen'
AED
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Middle English knif, cnife, cniue

knife

Within Germanic, the etymology is debatable: is the Middle English term inherited, or is it borrowed from ON? Details
Swiss German Gniippə

knife

Etymology uncertain. "High German forms with double b are recent, as PGm. did not allow for superheavy syllables. The geminate probably ultimately goes back to the iterative *knipp/bōn-" (GK). Details
Low German knîp, kniep

knife

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Proto-Germanic *mati-sahsa-, *mati-zahsa-

knife

Compound: *mati- m. ‘food’ & *sahsa- n. ‘knife’ Details
Stub Culture Indo-European knife-1

PGm. *knība-, *knīban- m. ‘knife’ < proto-form. *ǵneibh-o-, *ǵneibh-on-. Of uncertain etymology (OED). "A deverbal noun, possibly derived from a lost strong verb *knīban-" (GK). "Forms with p are found in Dutch knijp, Low German knîp, kniep, German kneip (also kneupe, gneip, gnippe)" (OED).
Guus Kroonen. "knība(n)-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 2, 2014. < http://ied…
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Stub Culture Indo-European spear-3

Skt. ṛṣṭi- 'spear'. Compare Skt. ṛṣ- 'push, thrust, stab, kill' (CDB).
CDB
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Stub Culture Indo-European spear-4

Latv. šķèps m. 'spear, javelin'. Compare šk'ēpele 'splinter, piece' [CDB).
CDB
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *kelH- v. 'to hew'

1. Alb. hell, hejë m. 'spear, spit' < PAlb. *skōla < PIE. *skel- v. 'to cut, to split' 2. Gr. σκῶλος m. ‘pointed pole; thorn, prickle’. Origin IE? "Resembles σκόλοψ 'pointed pole' and, outside Greek, Alb. hell 'spit, icicle' < *skōl-o-; without *s-, Lith. kuõlas 'pole' < *kōl-o- and OCS kolъ 'pole' < *kol-o-. These words probably all derive from PIE *kelH- v. 'to hew'.” (RB).
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "σκῶλος" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Et…
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *ḱel-

IE. *ḱel-
IEW
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *sprH-o- 'spear, beam'

PGm. *speru- m. ‘spear’ < proto-form. *sperH-u- / Lat. sparus m. ‘hunting-spear, javelin’ < PItal. *sparo- 'spear' < PIE. *sprH-o- 'spear, beam' / Alb. shparr, shperdhë 'oak'. / "Only found as a nominal form in Germanic, Latin and Albanian. Possibly a loanword, or an isolated reflex of a lost root" (MDV)
Guus Kroonen. "speru-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 22, 2015.…
Details
Stub Culture Indo-European spear-5

CDB Details

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