Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₂meh₁-sh₂o-

Hittite ḫamešḫa- 'spring' < PIE. *h₂meh₁-sh₂o- (AK). Cognates including Gr. ἀμάω v. 'to cut, to mow', OHG. māen, OE. māwan v. 'to mow'. Note: "ḫamešḫa-, ḫamešḫant-, the two stems function as one word, just as zēna- and zēnant- 'autumn' and gimm- and gimmant- 'winter' " (AK).
Alwin Kloekhorst. "ḫamešḫa-" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 30, 2014. < http://…
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Stub Culture Indo-European spring-5

CDB Details
Hittite ḫamešḫa(nt)-

spring

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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *gʷosdho- 'piece of wood, sprig’

PCelt. *buzdo- ‘tail, penis’ < PIE. *gʷosdho- 'piece of wood, sprig’
"buzdo-" from Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic by Ranko Matasovi?, Ph.D. (1995) http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se
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Stub proto-form *capĭtῑna

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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *steb(h)-

IEW Details
Stub Culture Indo-European hub-10

REW Details
Stub Culture Indo-European hub-9

REW Details
Middle English pestyl, pestylle, pistel, pestelle, pestel

club-shaped instrument for grinding food, etc. in a mortar

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Anglo-Norman pestel, pestle

club-shaped instrument for grinding food, etc. in a mortar; the foreleg of an animal used as food

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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *pelth₂- 'flat'

PGm. *felþa- m. ‘field’ < PIE. *pélth₂-o-. "Derived from the PIE root *pelth₂- 'flat'. " (GK). Alternatively: "The root would mean v. 'to spread'. Gmc.. has a t-erweiterung; m-formans in palámē, Lat. palma, OE. folm, folma etc. 'palm of the hand'; also OCS. polje 'field', Lat. plānus 'plain', etc." (DB). According to CDB, the German and English words originally meant 'field' in the most general sense (OHG, MHG, OE), before becoming more specialised to mean 'tract of land for cultivation' (ME, … Details
Middle English feeld

field, open land; the country as opposed to the town

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Middle English wald, wæld

woodland

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Stub Culture Indo-European cultivated field-1

PGm. *walþu- m. ‘field, uncultivated area, wood’ < proto-form. *uólH-tu- (GK). Further etymology unknown (SEO); European (GK): “A tu-stem created to a European root *uelH-“ (GK).
Guus Kroonen. "walþu-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. September 2, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=22987 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *dr(H)-u-

PSl. *dьrvьņa f. ‘field’ < BSl. *dir(ʔ)w- < PIE. *dr(H)-u- (RD).
Rick Derksen. "dьrvьņa" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. September 2, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=18763 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE.*meǵh₂- 'great'

PCelt. *magos- ‘plain, field’ < PIE.*meǵh₂- 'great' (?) (IEW: 709). "MW maes and MBret. maes should be derived from a formation in *-tu, i.e. PCelt. *magestu-. The connection with the PIE adjective *meǵh₂- 'great' is uncertain. Skt. mahī́- 'great (f.), earth' is a substantivized adjective, originally a standing epithet of 'earth'." (RM).
Ranko Matasović. "magos-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 201…
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *neh₁i-u-

Rick Derksen. "ņìva" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. September 2, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=19566 > Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₂eh₁s-eh₁- v. 'to be dry'

Lat. ārea f. 'ground, space, threshing floor' < āreō v. ‘to be dry’ < PItal. *ās-ē- v. 'to be dry' < PIE. *h₂eh₁s-eh₁- v. 'to be dry'. "Semantically... 'the area cleared by burning' > 'any open area' (MDV).
MDV
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₂endh-

ClArm. and ‘cornfield, arable field’; pastureland (dial.); estate’: identical with and- 'door-frame, threshold, vestibule' which has also developed the meaning 'house'… A semantic expansion seems to have taken place: 'door-frame, threshold, vestibule' > 'court, courtyard' > 'estate; household; family'. " (HKM).
Hrach K. Martirosyan. "and" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Bril…
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *seg-e/o- v. 'to adhere, fasten'

Lat. seges, segetis f. 'field of corn, arable land' < PItal. *seg-et- 'seed' > 'sown land' < PIE. *seg-e/o- v. 'to adhere, fasten' (MDV). Etym. dub. MDV, following WH, connects this word to several proposed cognates, but they are a little distant in form or meaning or both. MW hëu, 1s. heaf v. 'to sow, throw on, strew' < PCl. *seg-(y)e/o-; Skt. pr. sajāmi, pf. sasañja v. 'to adhere, hang on', āsaktí- [f.] 'pursuit, devotion, adhering', niṣaṅgín- 'carrying a quiver', Old Persian frāha(n)jam [… Details

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