Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Stub Culture Indo-European saw-5

Stub Culture Indo-European saw-6

Skt. karapatra- 'saw'
Stub Culture Indo-European axe-1

Gr. πέλεκυς m. ‘axe, double axe, hatchet’, Skt. paraśú- m. 'axe, battle-axe', Oss. færæt 'axe'. "Pre-Greek" (RB); "the Greek and Sanskrit words represent a pre-historic borrowing from a non-IE, Asiatic source... represented by Akkadian pilakku and Sumerian balag 'axe' " (CDB). "These words have long been identified with Akk. pilakku , which however never means 'axe', but rather 'spindle'. Thus, this comparison must be given up" (RB).
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "πέλε…
Stub Culture Indo-European axe-7

TLF Details
Stub Culture Indo-European axe-8

AED Details
Stub Culture Indo-European axe-9

PSl. *toporú 'axe' <- Pers. tabar 'axe' / "Widespread loanword… corresponding to Finno-Ugrian and Iranian words (for example, Finn. tappara, Pers. tabar)... ultimate source dubious" (CDB).
Old Church Slavonic toporъ 


Stub Culture Indo-European axe-10

1. PGm. *barda 2. PSl. *bordy <- Germanic, cf. OHG. barta Details
Middle English sparth

long-handled broad-bladed battle-axe, used especially by the Irish down to the 16th century

"Of obscure origin, perhaps related to OHG partâ (MHG barte), OS barda (MLG barde) of the same meaning" (OED). Details
Middle English haubert, hauberde, halberde

combined spear and battleaxe

Stub Culture Indo-European axe-11

PGm. *happja (CDB); "probably related to Gr. κóπτω v. 'to strike, to cut' and κοπíζ 'cleaver' (CDB).
CDB, OED, TLF, κόπτω v. ‘to strike, smite, hew, hammer, disable, tire out’. Etymology: Possibly < PIE. *kop- 'strike, smite, hew': “may correspond to Lith. kàpti, v. 'to hew, fell'... Alb. kep 'hew' < * kop-eie-... secondary formation in Lith. kapóti 'chop, hew', Latv. kapât 'id.', and the Slav. group of Ru. kopát' v. 'to hew, dig'...” Alternatively, “might be from the Pre-Greek or European su…
Stub Culture Indo-European axe-12

OIr. túag CDB. Root PIE *(s)tewg- 'put in vehement motion' (LIV) Details
Stub Culture Indo-European axe-14

Hitt. šummittant- c. ‘axe’, uncertain origin, maybe related to PIE *smei-t-
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *wedh- v. 'to push, hit'

Baltic axe words < PIE. wedh-
Stub Culture Indo-European axe-13

Tch. B peret From MIr. ???
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *bhei-

1. PGm. *bīþla- m. ‘axe’, deriv. fr. *bītan- v. 'to bite, be sharp' < proto-form. *bhéid-e- (GK). 2. PCelt. root of OIr. benim, Ir. bainim 'I cut, strip, strike, pluck, lift' < PIE. *bhei- (DIN, CDB) 3. PSl. root of OCS. biti < PIE. *bhei- (CDB).
Guus Kroonen. "bīþla-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 27, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lem…
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *krso- v. 'to run'

Lat. carrūca 'wagon', deriv. fr. Gallo-Lat. carrus 'wagon', an "early Celtic loanword" (RM) from Transalpine Gaul.
"karro-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic, edited by: Ranko Matasovi?, Ph.D. (1995). Consulted online on 25/09/2017 <http://dictionaries.brillonline.com.ludwig.lub.lu.se/search#dictionary=proto_celtic&id=pc0602> First published online: October 2010, 1. PCelt. *karro- ‘wagon’ < PIE. *krso- v. 'to run' (IEW: 583) (RM) 2. Lat. carrus m., LLat. carrum n. 'wagon' <- PCelt. *k…
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *ḱo(n)kH- 'branch'

PCelt. *kanxtu- ‘plough, plough-beam’ < PIE. *ḱnk-t- 'pointed object' (IEW: 523) (RM). But RM also comments: "Obviously a derivative of the PCelt. word for 'branch'". PCelt. *kankā ‘branch’ < PIE. *ḱo(n)kH- 'branch' (IEW: 523) (RM).
Ranko Matasović. "kanxtu-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. June 17, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=16620 >, 1. PGm. …
Bulgarian émeš, émež, eméž, ímež


Stub Culture Indo-European plough (noun)-5

PSl. *lemešь, *lemežь m. 'ploughshare, plough' < BSl. *lemeṣ-
Rick Derksen. "lemešь" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. June 17, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=19264 >

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