Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *pi-n-s- v. 'to grind'

Polish & Slovene 'hub' words cognate with words for 'pestle' in Slavic, Latin/Romance, English, etc. Etymology: PSl. *pě́stъ m. ‘pestle’ < BSl. *póiṣtum < PIE. *pois-to- / pistillum, pistillus ‘pounder, pestle’ < pīnsere v. ‘to pound, to crush’ < PItal. *pins- v. 'to grind' < PIE. *pi-n-s- v. 'to grind'
"pě́stъ" from Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon by Rick Derksen, Ph.D. (1996) http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se
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Stub Culture Indo-European hub-6

Alb. bosht
AED
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *ḱerd-n- 'heart'

"hertōn-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, edited by: Guus Kroonen, Ph.D. (2009). Consulted online on 04/10/2017 <http://dictionaries.brillonline.com.ludwig.lub.lu.se/search#dictionary=proto_germanic&id=pg1015> First published online: October 2010 Details
Stub Culture Indo-European hub-8

PSl. *golvьnikь 'hub, nave'
AED
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Stub Culture Indo-European hub-1

πλήμνη f. 'hub, nave, drum'. Etymology unclear: "Greek", says RB.
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "πλήμνη" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. September 24, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=8559 >
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Ossetian (Iron) naffæ

navel

Dialectal. Details
Stub Culture Indo-European hub-2

Eng. hub; origin unknown.
OED
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Middle English hubbe, hubb, hub, hob

hub, nave

'Origin uncertain, but "probably identical with hob (of a fire-place), the basic meaning being perhaps 'lump, mass' (OED). Attested 1649, but dialectal until the 19th century. Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *med-o- 'measure'

Lat. modus m. 'measured amount, size, limit' < PItal. *medo- 'measure, judgement', medos- 'id.'; med-? < PIE. *med-o- 'measure', *med-o/es- 'measure' (MDV).
Michiel de Vaan. "modus" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. September 30, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=13676 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European axe-6

Lat. dolāre v. ‘to hew or chop into shape’ < PItal. *dolaje- < PIE. *dolh₁-ie/o- v. 'to cut repeatedly' or *d(e)lh₁-ie/o- v. 'to cut' (MDV). "The PIE root *delgh- v. 'to cut, hew' (OIr. as-dloing 'splits', ON. telgja v. 'to cut up') has a very similar meaning, but the root forms cannot be reconciled" (MDV).
Michiel de Vaan. "dolō" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill …
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Stub Culture Indo-European axe-5

VLat. *marculātus, deriv. fr. marcŭlus, dimin. of marcus 'hammer'
DH
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *Hodh-es-on- 'adze, axe'

PGm.*adesan- m. ‘adze’ < proto-form. *Hodh-es-on- (GK). "An ancient Indo-European word for 'adze' or 'axe' (Čop 1955: 406-7). There are no formal irregularities that could point to a (pre-historic) Wanderwort" (GK).
Guus Kroonen. "adesan-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 27, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=20369 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European axe-3

Occ. pigassa 'axe'
DOC
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Middle English pike, pick

Details
Middle English ax

axle

Only in compounds: ME axtreo (1230) < OE *eax-tréow. This inherited compound was replaced in usage by the borrowed form axle-tree <- ON ǫxull-tré, whence ME axil, axel, axell, axile. Details
Middle English þixil, þixel

adze

Attested c1300, "not yet found in Old English" (OED). Details
Stub Culture Turkic saw-1

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Stub Culture Indo-European saw-2

Rum. ferestrău <- Hung. füresz 'saw'
CDB
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Stub Culture Indo-European saw-4

CDB Details
Stub Culture Indo-European axe-2

Lat. ascĭa f. 'axe, adze'. Definitions vary significantly: 'adze-shaped tool of carpenters, masons, etc.' (CDB); 'axe, trowel' (MDV); 'spade, adze, tool for digging the earth or for cutting stone' (DH). “Since a sequence *ks is usually retained in intervocalic position in Latin (cf. axis, texō, auxilium, etc.), ascia cannot go back directly to a PIE form in *-ks-. Although it is similar in form and meaning to Gr. ἀξῑ́νη, Go. aqizi, OHG acchus 'axe', these forms cannot be reduced to one PIE pre… Details

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