Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Stub Culture Indo-European wheel-2

A set of wheel-and/or-circle-related Baltic cognates. No etymology, but Buck linked them to OE scrid 'carriage' and defined them as "extensions of IE *sker- in words for 'turn, bend'." (CDB).
CDB
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Stub Culture Indo-European wheel-1

Arm. aniw ‘wheel; axle of a chariot; wheel as a torture instrument; sun; a toy': No clear etymology. One possibility is a connection with the PIE word for 'navel, nave', as represented in Skt. nā́bhi-, YAv. nāfa-, OPr. nabis, OHG nabalo 'navel', Lat. umbilīcus, Gr. ὀμφαλός , etc. (HKM).
Hrach K. Martirosyan. "aniw" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 2, 20…
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₂urg-i-

Hitt. ḫurki- c. ‘wheel’ < PIE. *h₂urg-i-, Skt. varj. 'turn'
AK
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₂eḱs-(i-) 'axle, arm-pit'

PGm. *ahslō- f. ‘shoulder, armpit’ < PIE. *h₂eḱs-i- & l-suffix/ . 'shoulder', OHG. ahsala, ahsla f. 'id.'/ Lat. āla f. 'armpit, wing', W. echel f. 'axis' < *h₂eks-(i)l-eh₂-.
Guus Kroonen. "ahslō-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. September 1, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=20388 >, PGm. *ahsō- f. ‘axle’ < PIE. *h₂eḱs-eh₂- Note …
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Middle English axil, axel, axell, axile

axle

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Avestan aša-

armpit; shoulder

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Stub Culture Indo-European axle-3

Alb. bosht m. 'spindle, axis, axle' < PAlb. *bāsta: Further etymology: according to Orel, close to PGm. *bōsta > OHG buost 'rope made of bast'; further related to PGm. *bastaz 'bast' as well as Lat. fascis, Alb. bashkë f. 'fleece' & adv. 'together'. But derived by Meyer from Ital. bosso 'box-tree'.
AED
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Stub Culture Indo-European axle-4

DTB Details
Stub Culture Indo-European IE. *wert-

OIr. fertas 'distaff, spindle; axle' < PIE. *wert-; cognates in Celtic, Slavic, Sanskrit, Germanic & Latin are mostly connected with the spinning of thread.
CDB
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₃nobh-li- 'navel, nave'

1. PGm. *nabō- f. 'hub, nave' < IE *h₃nobh-eh₂- (GK) 2. PCelt. *ambliyon- ‘navel’ < PIE. *h₃nobh-li- 'navel, nave' / OIr. imbliu [n, m or f] (DIL imliu , imbliu ) Skt. nā́bhi-, Gr. omphalós, Lat. umbilīcus, OE nafela / Like Lat. umbilicus, the stem of the PCelt. word for 'navel' generalized the PIE oblique stem *h₃nbhl-. For the development of the initial *am- > OIr. im cf. *angʷen- 'butter' (RM).
Guus Kroonen. "nabō-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Di…
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Middle English axeltre

axle; axle-tree

Replaced the inherited forms ME axtre, axtreo < OE. *eax-tréow. Details
Middle English axtre, axtreo

axle-tree

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Stub Culture Indo-European axle-1

OIr. mol m. 'axle or rotating shaft, esp. the shaft of a (horizontal?) mill-wheel'
EDIL
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Stub Culture Indo-European axle-2

Cz. náprava 'axle'
CDB
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Stub Culture Indo-European hub-4

Gr. πύξος f. ‘box tree, box wood’ and borrowings into Latin, Romance, Germanic... No certain etymology. "A loanword from Italy", according to Beekes.
COR
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Middle English hubbe, hubb, hub, hob

hub, nave

'Origin uncertain, but "probably identical with hob (of a fire-place), the basic meaning being perhaps 'lump, mass' (OED). Attested 1649, but dialectal until the 19th century. Details
Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *med-o- 'measure'

Lat. modus m. 'measured amount, size, limit' < PItal. *medo- 'measure, judgement', medos- 'id.'; med-? < PIE. *med-o- 'measure', *med-o/es- 'measure' (MDV).
Michiel de Vaan. "modus" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. September 30, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=13676 >
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Stub Culture Indo-European hub-5

Rum. butúc m. 'stump; nave, hub'. Etym. debated.
DEX
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Stub Culture Indo-European hub-7

Ir. ceap m. 'nave, hub' < OIr. cepp m. 'tree-stump, log, block'. No further etymology found - however, note OFr. cep 'pièce de bois portant le soc de la charrue (1386)' < Lat. cippus 'pieux, entrave; colonne funéraire' (TLF).
RF
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Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *pi-n-s- v. 'to grind'

Polish & Slovene 'hub' words cognate with words for 'pestle' in Slavic, Latin/Romance, English, etc. Etymology: PSl. *pě́stъ m. ‘pestle’ < BSl. *póiṣtum < PIE. *pois-to- / pistillum, pistillus ‘pounder, pestle’ < pīnsere v. ‘to pound, to crush’ < PItal. *pins- v. 'to grind' < PIE. *pi-n-s- v. 'to grind'
"pě́stъ" from Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon by Rick Derksen, Ph.D. (1996) http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se
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