Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Proto-Finnic ---

(spade)

"Sanan alkuperä on kiistanalainen. Yhden selityksen mukaan se on johdos sanasta lapa. Johtosuhde olisi tässä tapauksessa kuitenkin poikkeuksellinen. Toisaalta sanalle sellaisenaan on esitetty vastineita samojedikielistä, ja näiden perusteella lapio on laskettu ikivanhaan omaperäiseen sanakerrostumaan kuuluvaksi. Lapio-sanan rakenne on kuitenkin sellainen, että sana tuskin voi olla kantasuomalaista vanhempi. Hyvin perusteltuja lainaetymologioita onkin esitetty sekä balttilaiselta että germaanise… Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(eagle)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(forest, woods)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(grease)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(silver)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(skin, leather)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(spring)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(ash)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(grain)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(oak)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(rough)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(dog)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(cattle, livestock)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(wheat)

Der. from sound symbolic Proto-Finnic form corresponding to e.g. Finnish nisä 'nipple'. Meaning connection lies in the comparison between the sweet, white milk and the mild, white cereal. (Häkkinen 2013) Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(calf)

Fi. & Est. forms derived from earlier vasa, with the addition of a diminutive suffix. Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(iron)

(Proto-Finno-Saamic) Details
Proto-Baltic ---

(goat)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(pig, piglet)

Details
Proto-Baltic ---

(horse, stallion)

(cf. Lithuanian žìrgas, Latvian zirgs, Old Prussian sirgis) Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(ox)

Details

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