Lexeme – Index

Language Form Meaning Grammar Note
Proto-Finnic ---

(grease)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(iron)

(Proto-Finno-Saamic) Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(wheat)

Der. from sound symbolic Proto-Finnic form corresponding to e.g. Finnish nisä 'nipple'. Meaning connection lies in the comparison between the sweet, white milk and the mild, white cereal. (Häkkinen 2013) Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(calf)

Fi. & Est. forms derived from earlier vasa, with the addition of a diminutive suffix. Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(cattle, livestock)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(dog)

Details
Proto-Baltic ---

(goat)

Details
Proto-Baltic ---

(horse, stallion)

(cf. Lithuanian žìrgas, Latvian zirgs, Old Prussian sirgis) Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(ox)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(pig, piglet)

Details
Proto-Finnic ---

(ram)

Details
Proto-Baltic ---

(ram)

Details
Sanskrit *gāva-

ox

Details
Proto-Italic *tauro-

bull

(meaning taken from an associated Word List Item)
Etymology unclear. "The fact that Lat. taurus did not undergo metathesis like parvus and nervus suggests that it is a loanword" (Beekes, citing De Vaan). "There is no cognate in IIr. or Tocharian, whereas there are Semitic words for 'bull' which are conspicuously similar. Hence, it may have been an early loanword of the form *tauro- into the western IE languages" (De Vaan). , Further etymology uncertain: "the fact that Lat. taurus did not undergo metathesis like parvus and nervus suggests that … Details
Icelandic beyki

beech

n Details
Faroese bók

beech

f Details
Norwegian (Bokmål) bøk

beech

m. Details
Middle French fauchon

small scythe

m Details
Old French fauz, faulx

scythe, sickle

f Details
Punjabi kukaṛā, kukkaṛ

cock, rooster

Details

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