Lexeme – Index

Focus Area Language (family) Form Meaning Grammar Note
Eurasia Welsh haearn

iron

m Details
Eurasia Welsh arian

silver

m Details
Eurasia Welsh awr

gold

n Details
Eurasia Welsh coed

wood (forest); wood (material); trees (collective)

m Details
Eurasia Welsh clegyr

heap of stones

m Details
Eurasia Welsh clogwyn

rock, rocky hill, cliff

m Details
Eurasia Welsh maen hir

standing stone

m Details
Eurasia Welsh cwd

pouch, scrotum

m Compare OE cod 'bag', given as Germanic in OED. Details
Eurasia Welsh peth

part, thing

Details
Eurasia Welsh lledr

leather

m Details
Eurasia Welsh ysgien

knife

f "Probably an Irish loanword" according to Matasovic. Details
Eurasia Welsh cyllell

knife

f Details
Eurasia Welsh gwayw

spear

Details
Eurasia Welsh gwaywffon

spear

f Compound: gwayw 'spear' & ffon f. 'stick'. Compare OIr. gae 'used esp. of the spear-blade or head' (EDIL). Details
Eurasia Welsh bwa

bow

m Details
Eurasia Welsh saeth

arrow

f Details
Eurasia Welsh cleddaum, cleddyf

sword

m Ultimately from PCelt. *kladimo- or *kladiwo-. There are claims and counterclaims regarding possible borrowing between Celtic languages. According to RM, "the Brittonic words (MW cledyf, MBret. clezeff, Co. clethe) are early loanwords from Goidelic". Conversely, MDV gives the direction of borrowing as follows: OIr. claideb <- W cleddyf < *kladimo-. Details
Eurasia Welsh gwn-

to make

v Details
Eurasia Welsh pladur

scythe

f Details
Eurasia Welsh haidd

barley

m Details

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