Lexeme – Index

Focus Area Language (family) Form Meaning Grammar Note
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European stone-4

Lat. saxum n. ‘rock, boulder’ < PItal. *saks-o-: No certain etymology. Possibly cognate with Gm. words for 'knife': OIc. sax, OHG sahs 'knife' (MDV).
Michiel de Vaan. "saxum" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 9, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=14098 >
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Eurasia Umbrian vapeře, vapefem, uapefe, uapersus, uapersusto

stone seat

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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European stone-1

Gr. λίθος m. 'stone, boulder, rock, precious stones'. Etymology unknown.
"λίθος" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek, edited by: Robert S. P. Beekes (Ph.D. 1969). Consulted online on 05/10/2017 <http://dictionaries.brillonline.com.ludwig.lub.lu.se/search#dictionary=greek&id=gr4191> First published online: October 2010
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Eurasia Proto-Balto-Slavic *gor-, *gir-

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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₂eḱ-men- 'stone, rock'

PIE. *h₂eḱ-men- 1. PSl. *kamy m. ‘stone, rock’ < BSl. *(ʔ)akmen- < PIE. *h₂eḱ-men-
Rick Derksen. "kamy" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 9, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=19065 >
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European stone-3

Lat. lapis m. ‘stone, pebble’ < PItal. *laped-, *leped-. Further etymology uncertain: probably a Mediterranean loanword (MDV). Also U. vapeře 'stone seat'. Uncertain: SPic. vepetí, ṿepetín, vepeten, iepeten, ṿepetín 'monument?' < *-eto-. /Gr. λέπας [n.] 'bare rock, mountain', λεπάς, -άδος [f.] 'limpet', λεπάδες 'molluscs which stick to rocks' (Hsch.).
Michiel de Vaan. "lapis" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edi…
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European stone-2

Gr. πέτρα f. 'stone (material), rock'
CDB
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Eurasia Middle English stæn, stoon, stonne, stone

stone

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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European stone-8

LLat. rocca, OFr. roche 'stone, rock'. A Romance word of uncertain origin, first attested in LLat. rocca (8th century), especially in French sources. The hypothesis of Celtic origin “has been suggested… but is not generally accepted” (OED 2010).
TLF, OED
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Eurasia Middle English rocke

large mass of stone; cliff, crag, or other such natural feature

The barely-attested OE rocc does not survive in Middle English. Instead, according to OED, ME rocke is (re-)borrowed from multiple sources,including: AN rokke, OFr. roke, MFr. roque, rocque (c1100); also AN, OFr., MFr. & Fr. roche (end of the 10th cent.), feminine noun, and MFr. & Fr. roc (c1370), masculine noun, probably showing influence from Old Occitan (OED). Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *stoiH-no- 'stone'

PIE. *stoiH-no- : "a no-stem created to the PIE root * steih₂- v. 'to stiffen', cf. Skt. styā́yate v. 'to coagulate' < * sth₂-i-oi-e, which seems to be derived from an i-present to * steh₂- v. 'to stand'." (GK) 1) PGm. *staina- m. ‘stone’ < PIE. *stoiH-no- 2) PSl. *stěna f. 'stone' < PIE. *stoih₂-neh₂- 'stone'
Guus Kroonen. "staina-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February …
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *leh₁- 'stone'

PCelt. *līwank- ‘stone, pillar’ < PIE. *leh₁- 'stone' / It. lava 'lava', Fr. dial. lave, Pr. lavo, lauvo 'flat stone' may be from Gaul. *lawā < *lh₁w-. Gallo-Lat. lausiae 'pebbles in a stone-quarry' (cf. Fr. lause, lauze 'pierre plate utilisée comme dalle') may be from an old s-stem *laws- < *lh₁us-, cf. also Fr. losange 'lozenge' and the toponym Lausanne, which may be from *laws-on- < *lh₁u-s-on-, or *lh₁us-h₃en-, with the possessive suffix *-h₃en-. If the etymology is correct, we should prob… Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *steb(h)- 'post, pole, (tree) trunk; to support, to hold, to pound, to tread'

OPrus. stabis 'rock, stone' Details
Eurasia Old Prussian stabni

oven

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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European stone-9

PCelt. *klukā ‘stone, rock’. Probably borrowed from some non-IE language (RM).
Ranko Matasović. "klukā" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 9, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=16690 >
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Eurasia Proto-Celtic *klukā

stone, rock

Further etymology: probably borrowed from some non-IE language (RM). Details
Eurasia Proto-Balto-Slavic *steb-, *stab-

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