Lexeme – Index

Focus Area Language (family) Form Meaning Grammar Note
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *ḱs-tro- 'knife'

Alb. thadër f. 'double-sided axe' < PAlb. *tsestrā, "identical with Skt. śastrá n. 'instrument for cutting' < śas- v. 'to cut' < PIE. *ḱs-tro- 'knife' (according to Orel).
AED, Skt. śastrá n. 'instrument for cutting' < śas- v. 'to cut' (according to CDB). Lat. castrāre v. ‘to castrate; to thin out (plants)’ < PItal. *kastro- < PIE. *ḱs-tro- 'knife'
CDB
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European knife-3

Gr. μάχαιρα f. ‘large knife, butchery knife; short sword, dagger’: Pre-Greek, perhaps Semitic (RB)
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "μάχαιρα" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 6, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=7377 >
Details
Eurasia Proto-Indo-European *ksuró-

razor

Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *wēb-en-

Tch. yepe < PIE. *wēb-en-, Goth. wepn, ON. vápn Details
Eurasia Proto-Indo-Aryan *śas-

to slaughter, cut down

Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European spear-1

Gr. λόγχη f. 'spearhead, javelin, lance'. Of unknown origin. "Probably from the same (Celtic) source as Lat. lancea" (CDB); "all previous hypotheses are unconvincing" (RB).
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "λόγχη" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 21, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=7194 >, Lat. lancea f. 'spe…
Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European knife-2

Baltic peilis. According to CDB, "probably with" PSl. *pila 'file' <- OHG. fīla, fīhala 'file' (REW).
CDB
Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₁noǵh-io-

Rick Derksen. "nòžь" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 6, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=19578 > Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *ḱēi- v. 'to sharpen'

Alb. thikë 'knife' < PAlb. *tsikā < PIE. *ḱēi- v. 'to sharpen'
AED
Details
Eurasia Swiss German Gniippə

knife

Etymology uncertain. "High German forms with double b are recent, as PGm. did not allow for superheavy syllables. The geminate probably ultimately goes back to the iterative *knipp/bōn-" (GK). Details
Eurasia Low German knîp, kniep

knife

Details
Eurasia Proto-Germanic *mati-sahsa-, *mati-zahsa-

knife

Compound: *mati- m. ‘food’ & *sahsa- n. ‘knife’ Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *(s)kolh₂/₃-tro- 'instrument for cleaving'

Lat. culter -trī m. ‘knife; cutting part of a plough’ < PItal. *k(e/o)l-tro- 'knife' < PIE. *(s)kolh₂/3-tro- 'instrument for cleaving'
Michiel de Vaan. "culter" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 2, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=13054 >
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Eurasia Middle Breton squeiaff, squeigaff

cut

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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *sḱey- v. 'to cut'

PCelt. *skiy-o- v. ‘cut’ < PIE. *sḱey- v. 'to cut' (IEW: 919f.)/OIr. scian [ā f] 'knife' (RM). "W ysgien is probably an Irish loanword corresponding to OIr. scían 'knife' (from PCelt. *skēno- < *sḱey-no-)" (RM) //// Lat. sacēna, scēna [f.] 'sacrificial axe' < secāre ‘to cut, sever’ < PItal. *sekaje/o- < PIE. *sekh₁-ie/o- v. 'to cut off'. "The noun s(a)cēna... is only attested in quotations by Festus and Paulus, and its form vacillates; still, the fact that it was borrowed into Celtic (OIr. s… Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *der- v. 'to flay'

Gr. δέρμα n. '(slayed) skin, leather' < δέρω v. ‘to skin, flay’ < IE *der- 'flay'
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "δέρω" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 21, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=4766 >
Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *nāk-no-

IEW Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₁eu- 'put on (of clothes, shoes)'

DTB Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European knife-1

PGm. *knība-, *knīban- m. ‘knife’ < proto-form. *ǵneibh-o-, *ǵneibh-on-. Of uncertain etymology (OED). "A deverbal noun, possibly derived from a lost strong verb *knīban-" (GK). "Forms with p are found in Dutch knijp, Low German knîp, kniep, German kneip (also kneupe, gneip, gnippe)" (OED).
Guus Kroonen. "knība(n)-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 2, 2014. < http://ied…
Details
Eurasia Middle English knif, cnife, cniue

knife

Within Germanic, the etymology is debatable: is the Middle English term inherited, or is it borrowed from ON? Details

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