Lexeme – Index

Focus Area Language (family) Form Meaning Grammar Note
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European wheel-5

CDB Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₂eḱs-(i-) 'axle, arm-pit'

PGm. *ahslō- f. ‘shoulder, armpit’ < PIE. *h₂eḱs-i- & l-suffix/ . 'shoulder', OHG. ahsala, ahsla f. 'id.'/ Lat. āla f. 'armpit, wing', W. echel f. 'axis' < *h₂eks-(i)l-eh₂-.
Guus Kroonen. "ahslō-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. September 1, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=20388 >, PGm. *ahsō- f. ‘axle’ < PIE. *h₂eḱs-eh₂- Note …
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European wheel-2

A set of wheel-and/or-circle-related Baltic cognates. No etymology, but Buck linked them to OE scrid 'carriage' and defined them as "extensions of IE *sker- in words for 'turn, bend'." (CDB).
CDB
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European wheel-1

Arm. aniw ‘wheel; axle of a chariot; wheel as a torture instrument; sun; a toy': No clear etymology. One possibility is a connection with the PIE word for 'navel, nave', as represented in Skt. nā́bhi-, YAv. nāfa-, OPr. nabis, OHG nabalo 'navel', Lat. umbilīcus, Gr. ὀμφαλός , etc. (HKM).
Hrach K. Martirosyan. "aniw" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 2, 20…
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European spring-2

MoGr. άνοιξη
CDB
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *spré-n-gh-e-

PGm. *springan-, * sprinkan- v. ‘to break out, leap’ < PIE. *spré-n-gh-e- (GK) / ON springa s.v. 'to spring; to spurt out; to burst, break', Icel. springa, sprinka s.v. 'id.', Far. springa s.v. 'to leap, jump; to burst, explode', Elfd. springga s.v. 'to grow', OE springan, sprincan wv. 'to spring, burst out; to grow', E to spring, OFri. springa s.v. 'to spring; to jump, leap, run', OS springan s.v. 'id.', Du. springen s.v. 'id.', OHG springan s.v. 'to jump, gush, flow', G springen s.v. 'id.' / … Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European spring-1

G. frühling
CDB
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Eurasia German Langis

spring

Dialectal. Details
Eurasia Latin primo vere

beginning of the spring

< primus 'first' & vēr n. ‘spring’, Compound: primus 'first' & vēr n. ‘spring’. Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *dlonh₁gh-o- 'long'

OE lencten, MDu. lentin , OHG lengizin, lenzin and shorter synonyms ME, MLG & MDu. lente; OHG langiz, langaz, lenzo weak; and reflexes. Perhaps compound or derivation < PGm. *langa- adj. ‘long’ < IE *dlonh₁gh-o-, identical to Lat. longus adj. 'long': "The shorter form (? Old Germanic type *laŋgito-, *laŋgiton-) seems to be a derivative of *laŋgo- long adj., and may possibly have reference to the lengthening of the days as characterizing the season of spring. It is doubtful whether the ending o… Details
Eurasia Middle English axil, axel, axell, axile

axle

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Eurasia Middle English axeltre

axle; axle-tree

Replaced the inherited forms ME axtre, axtreo < OE. *eax-tréow. Details
Eurasia Middle English axtre, axtreo

axle-tree

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Eurasia Avestan aša-

armpit; shoulder

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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European summer-1

CDB Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European summer-3

Skt. nidāgha- 'summer' < ni-dah- 'burn down, consume'
CDB
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European summer-2

CDB Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *gʷher-o- 'warmth'

Gr. ϑέρος n. 'summer heat; summer; harvest, crop' < IE *gʷher-os 'warmth'
Hrach K. Martirosyan. "ǰer" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. November 3, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=799 >
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *leh₁t- 'warm part of the year (?)'

1. PSl. *lě̀to n. ‘summer’ < PIE. *leh₁-tóm (RD) 2. PCelt. *latyo- ‘day’ < PIE. *leh₁t- 'warm part of the year (?)' "The semantic development in Celtic was from 'warm part of the year' to 'warm part of the day', and, finally, 'day' (for a similar development cf. Croat. gòdina 'year' vs. Polish godzina 'hour')." (RM)
Rick Derksen. "lě̀to" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill O…
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Eurasia Middle Persian hāmīn

summer

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