Lexeme – Index

Focus Area Language (family) Form Meaning Grammar Note
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *dlonh₁gh-o- 'long'

OE lencten, MDu. lentin , OHG lengizin, lenzin and shorter synonyms ME, MLG & MDu. lente; OHG langiz, langaz, lenzo weak; and reflexes. Perhaps compound or derivation < PGm. *langa- adj. ‘long’ < IE *dlonh₁gh-o-, identical to Lat. longus adj. 'long': "The shorter form (? Old Germanic type *laŋgito-, *laŋgiton-) seems to be a derivative of *laŋgo- long adj., and may possibly have reference to the lengthening of the days as characterizing the season of spring. It is doubtful whether the ending o… Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European spring-2

MoGr. άνοιξη
CDB
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *spré-n-gh-e-

PGm. *springan-, * sprinkan- v. ‘to break out, leap’ < PIE. *spré-n-gh-e- (GK) / ON springa s.v. 'to spring; to spurt out; to burst, break', Icel. springa, sprinka s.v. 'id.', Far. springa s.v. 'to leap, jump; to burst, explode', Elfd. springga s.v. 'to grow', OE springan, sprincan wv. 'to spring, burst out; to grow', E to spring, OFri. springa s.v. 'to spring; to jump, leap, run', OS springan s.v. 'id.', Du. springen s.v. 'id.', OHG springan s.v. 'to jump, gush, flow', G springen s.v. 'id.' / … Details
Eurasia German Langis

spring

Dialectal. Details
Eurasia Latin primo vere

beginning of the spring

< primus 'first' & vēr n. ‘spring’, Compound: primus 'first' & vēr n. ‘spring’. Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European harvest-1

PSl. *žę̀tva f. ‘harvest’ < *žę̀ti v. ‘reap, mow, harvest’ < BSl. *genʔ-/*ginʔ-. Etymology uncertain: *žęti either goes back to the root *gʷyeh₃ ‘live’; or (RD’s suggestion) to Baltic forms usually assigned to the root *gʷhen- 'strike', although this would be semantically odd. (RD).
Rick Derksen. "žę̀tva" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. November 4, 2014. < http:/…
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Eurasia Czech žatva

harvest, mowing

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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *peh₁u-, *pyeh₂-u-

Lith. pjūtìs f. `harvest time, August' < PIE. *peh₁u-, *pyeh₂-u-
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "παίω" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. September 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=8274 >
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European summer-3

Skt. nidāgha- 'summer' < ni-dah- 'burn down, consume'
CDB
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European summer-2

CDB Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European summer-1

CDB Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *leh₁t- 'warm part of the year (?)'

1. PSl. *lě̀to n. ‘summer’ < PIE. *leh₁-tóm (RD) 2. PCelt. *latyo- ‘day’ < PIE. *leh₁t- 'warm part of the year (?)' "The semantic development in Celtic was from 'warm part of the year' to 'warm part of the day', and, finally, 'day' (for a similar development cf. Croat. gòdina 'year' vs. Polish godzina 'hour')." (RM)
Rick Derksen. "lě̀to" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill O…
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *gʷher-o- 'warmth'

Gr. ϑέρος n. 'summer heat; summer; harvest, crop' < IE *gʷher-os 'warmth'
Hrach K. Martirosyan. "ǰer" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. November 3, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=799 >
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *smH-oro- 'half year, season'

PGm. *sumara- n. ‘summer’< IE *smH-oro- (GK). "PGm. *sumar- continues an IE word for 'half year, season', which is related to OE sām-, OS sām-, OHG sāmi- pref. 'half' < *sēmi (= Skt. sāmí, Lat. sēmi-). The suffix is comparable to the one of *wasra- ~ *wazra- 'spring'." (GK).
Guus Kroonen. "sumara-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. November 2, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.…
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Eurasia Tocharian A ṣme

rain period

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Eurasia Middle Persian hāmīn

summer

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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European PIE. *h₂eidh-teh₂t-, *h₂eidh-tu- 'burning, heat'

Michiel de Vaan. "aestās" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. November 2, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=12678 > Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European copper-3

Lat. cupreum, cyprium n. 'copper' < aes cyprium n. 'bronze, copper (lit. Cyprian metal)' < aes, aeris n. ‘copper, bronze; money’ < PItal. *ajos, *ajes- 'bronze' < PIE. *h₂ei-os, *h₂ei-es- 'bronze' Details
Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European copper-2

PGm. *arut- m. ‘ore’ < proto-form. *arud-. Etymology disputed: "likely to be of non-IE origin in view of the alternation of Pre-Gm. *arud- with Lat. raud- and the similarities with Sum. urud(u) 'copper'." (GK); but derived from IE *h₁reudh- 'red' according to MA.
Guus Kroonen. "arut-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. November 25, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu…
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Eurasia Stub Culture Indo-European copper-1

Gr. χαλκός m. 'ore; copper, bronze'
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "χαλκός" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. November 24, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=10181 >
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