Lexeme – Index

Focus Area Language (family) Form Meaning Grammar Note
Eurasia Proto-Indo-European *leuk-

white

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Eurasia Proto-Indo-European *bhh2-

to shine, appear, seem

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Eurasia Proto-Indo-European  *h2erǵ-

brilliant, white

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Eurasia Proto-Indo-European *h2rǵ-

white

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Eurasia Proto-Indo-European *bheh2-

light, shine

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Eurasia Proto-Indo-European *ḱiéh1-uo-

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Eurasia Proto-Germanic *hēwja-*hēwja-

dark blue(?)

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Eurasia Old English hāwi, hǣwi, hēawi

blue, purple, grey, discolored

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Eurasia Proto-Indo-European *solH-uo-

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Eurasia Proto-Germanic *salwa- *salwa-

yellowish brown

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Eurasia Old Norse sǫlr

yellow, pale

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Eurasia Old English salo

dusky, dark

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Eurasia Old High German salosalo

dark, black, dirty


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Eurasia Proto-Indo-European *h1erbh-nó-

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Eurasia Proto-Germanic *erpa-*erpa-

light brown

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Eurasia Old Norse jarpr

chestnut, reddish-brown

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Eurasia Proto-Indo-European *grē-wo-

grey

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Eurasia Medieval Latin amarellusamarellus

yellowish


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Eurasia Latin amarusamarus

bitter

possibly from association with the yellowing of skin and the bitterness of the gall with the desease jaundice

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Eurasia Sanskrit nāranga-

orange

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