Lexeme – Index

Focus Area Language (family) Form Meaning Grammar Note
Eurasia Proto-Finnic ---

(grease)

Details
Eurasia Proto-Finnic ---

(iron)

(Proto-Finno-Saamic) Details
Eurasia Proto-Finnic ---

(wheat)

Der. from sound symbolic Proto-Finnic form corresponding to e.g. Finnish nisä 'nipple'. Meaning connection lies in the comparison between the sweet, white milk and the mild, white cereal. (Häkkinen 2013) Details
Eurasia Proto-Finnic ---

(calf)

Fi. & Est. forms derived from earlier vasa, with the addition of a diminutive suffix. Details
Eurasia Proto-Finnic ---

(cattle, livestock)

Details
Eurasia Proto-Finnic ---

(dog)

Details
Eurasia Proto-Baltic ---

(goat)

Details
Eurasia Proto-Baltic ---

(horse, stallion)

(cf. Lithuanian žìrgas, Latvian zirgs, Old Prussian sirgis) Details
Eurasia Proto-Finnic ---

(ox)

Details
Eurasia Proto-Finnic ---

(pig, piglet)

Details
Eurasia Proto-Finnic ---

(ram)

Details
Eurasia Proto-Baltic ---

(ram)

Details
Eurasia Sanskrit *gāva-

ox

Details
Eurasia Proto-Italic *tauro-

bull

(meaning taken from an associated Word List Item)
Etymology unclear. "The fact that Lat. taurus did not undergo metathesis like parvus and nervus suggests that it is a loanword" (Beekes, citing De Vaan). "There is no cognate in IIr. or Tocharian, whereas there are Semitic words for 'bull' which are conspicuously similar. Hence, it may have been an early loanword of the form *tauro- into the western IE languages" (De Vaan). , Further etymology uncertain: "the fact that Lat. taurus did not undergo metathesis like parvus and nervus suggests that … Details
Eurasia Icelandic beyki

beech

n Details
Eurasia Faroese bók

beech

f Details
Eurasia Norwegian (Bokmål) bøk

beech

m. Details
Eurasia Middle French fauchon

small scythe

m Details
Eurasia Old French fauz, faulx

scythe, sickle

f Details
Eurasia Punjabi kukaṛā, kukkaṛ

cock, rooster

Details

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