Lexeme – Details – *kladimo-, *kladiwo-

Lexeme

Transcription
*kladimo-, *kladiwo-
Script
IPA
Meaning
sword
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
There are claims and counterclaims regarding possible borrowing between Celtic languages. According to RM, "the Brittonic words (MW cledyf, MBret. clezeff, Co. clethe) are early loanwords from Goidelic". For MDV, the direction of borrowing is the converse: OIr. claideb <- W. cleddyf < *kladimo-., Probably <- PCelt. *gladio-, *kladio- 'sword'; but RM is cautious: "It is usually assumed that Lat. gladius was borrowed from Celtic in prehistoric times, but it could also be inherited (with *kl > gl- as in Lat. glōria < *klowesyā)" (RM). “The close connection with Celtic words for 'sword', together with the imperfect match of initial consonants, and the semantic field of weaponry, suggests that Latin borrowed a form *gladio- or *kladio- (a hypothetical variant of attested British Celtic *kladimo- 'sword') from PCelt. or from a third language.” (MDV).

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Sources

Source
An Stòr-dàta Briathrachais Gàidhlig: http://www2.smo.uhi.ac.uk/gaidhlig/faclair/sbg/lorg.php
[AFB]
Source
Buck, C., D. (1949). A dictionary of selected synonyms in the principal Indo–European languages: a contribution to the history of ideas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
[CDB]
Source
Michiel de Vaan. Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill. Brill Online.
[MDV]
Source
Dictionary of the Irish language: based mainly on old and middle Irish materials. (1913-1976). Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. Online at: http://edil.qub.ac.uk/dictionary/search.php
[EDIL]
Source
Matasović, Ranko. Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill. Brill Online: http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/content/proto-celtic/index.html
[RM]
Source
Griffiths, Bruce & Dafydd Glyn Jones. Geiriadur yr Academi, the Welsh Academy English-Welsh Dictionary Online. http://geiriaduracademi.org/?lang=en
[GYA]
Source
Cornish Language Partnership online dictionary http://www.cornishdictionary.org.uk/
[CLP]
Source
Ó Dónaill, Niall & De Bhaldraithe, Tomás (red.) (1977). Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla. Baile Átha Cliath: An Rún.
[FGB]
Source
Jehan Lagadec. 1867. Le Catholicon de Iehan de Lagadeuc : dictionnaire breton, français et latin publié par R. F. Le Men d'après l'édition de Me Auffret de Quoetqueveran. Lorient: Ed. Corfmat.
[CAT]
Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
AUE59, AUE61, AUE63, AUE67, AUE73, AUE75, AUE79, AUE81, AUE123

Etymology

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