1. PGm. *arhwō- f. ‘arrow’ < proto-form. *h₂erk-uh₂- / / 2. Lat. arcus m. 'bow; arch' < PItal. *arkuo-, *arkʷo- 'bow' Further etymology uncertain. Probably a non-IE loanword. Connected with PGm. *arχwō 'arrow', as well as BSl. and Greek words for 'willow' and 'juniper' (MDV). Michiel de Vaan. "arcus" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 23, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=12748 >, Guus Kroonen. "arhwō-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 24, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=20517 >
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
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