Lexeme – Details – PIE. *bhewg(h)- 'bend'

Lexeme

Transcription
PIE. *bhewg(h)- 'bend'
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
PCelt. *buggo- adj. ‘soft, tender’ < PIE. *bhewg(h)- 'bend' (IEW: 152) / MIr. boc /OBret. buc gl. putris, MBret. and MoBret. boug 'tender' // Skt. bhujáti 'bends', Go. biugan ”The semantic development that has to be assumed for this etymology to work ('bent' > 'kneaded' > 'softened') is quite complex. Go. biugan and the related Germanic words (Germ. biegen, etc.) point to the PIE root with a word-final voiced stop (*bhewgh-), while Skt. bhujáti must be from PIE *bhewg-. Note also that the geminate in Celtic is unexpected (positing a suffix *-go- added to the zero-grade *bhug- would be quite ad hoc ). All of this makes this makes this etymology rather dubious.” (RM)
Ranko Matasović. "buggo-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 23, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=16240 >, PGm. *bugan- m. ‘bow’ < *beugan-, *būgan- s.v. ‘to bow, bend’ < PIE. *bhéugh-e- / PGm. *beugan-, *būgan- s.v. ‘to bow, bend’ < PIE. *bhéugh-e- / Go. biugan s.v. 'id.', ON bjúga s.v. 'id.', Far. bogin adj. 'bent', OE būgan s.v. 'to bend', E to bow, MDu. bugen s.v. 'id.', Du. buigen s.v. 'id.', OHG biogan s.v. 'to bend, swing', G biegen s.v. 'id.' / Ru. bgat' v. 'to bend' < *bhugh-eh₂-ie-; Ru. bugór m. 'hillock', Latv. baũgurs m. 'hill' < *bhough-ro-; and with metathesis Lith. gùbti (gumbù), Latv. gubt v. 'to bend, curve' < *ghu-m-bh-e-; RuCS gъ(b)nuti, Ru. gnut' (gnu) v. 'to bend', SCr. gànuti v. 'to move' < *ghubh-neu-; appurtenance uncertain: Skt. bhujáti v. 'to bend, shove' < *bhug-é-.
Guus Kroonen. "bugan-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2015. Brill Online. February 22, 2015. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=20729 >

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
ATD1, ATE1

Etymology

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