PGm. *hargu- m. ‘sacrificial mound?’ < proto-form. *kark-ú-. Note also Finnish karkko, karkku 'pile, stone wall, cliff'. OW creic, W craig f. 'rock' < * krakyā-; Vann. krah 'hillock' < * krakkā-; less certain: OIr. carrac f. 'rock', OW carrecc, W carreg f. 'stone, rock' < * krs-Vk-ā-(?) and OIr. carn n. 'heap of stones', W carn m./f. 'id.' < * krn-(?). // // Etymology: “Outside Germanic, there are some similar formations in Celtic... but none of these forms can be reconciled with the Germanic forms. It is therefore possible that the word was adopted from a Pre-IE language by both Germanic and Celtic” (GK) "hargu-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, edited by: Guus Kroonen, Ph.D. (2009). Consulted online on 05/10/2017 <http://dictionaries.brillonline.com.ludwig.lub.lu.se/search#dictionary=proto_germanic&id=pg0969> First published online: October 2010, 1. Arm. k'ar 'stone, rock' < PIE. *khar- 'hard, strong, firm' 2. Skt. karkara-ḥ 'hard, firm'. As suggested by HA, cognates include Skt. karkara 'hard, firm', karkaṭa 'crab', karaka 'cocoa-nut shell'; Gr. κάρκαρος 'hard, rough', κραναός 'hard; rocky', καρκίνος 'crab', κάρυον 'nut', κρατύς 'powerful'; Lat. cancer 'crab', carīna 'nut-shell; hull of a ship'; ON harðr; OE heard (Eng. hard). AB, HKM
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
AQY1, AQZ1, ARA1
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