Since 1888, OED maintains that the Germanic cognate forms (ON buskr, OHG bush, MDu. busc, bosc) are borrowed from Rom. bosco or LLat. boscum, boscus 'wood', "of which the ulterior source is unknown" (OED). More recently, most sources take the view that the Romance and Late Latin forms are borrowed from Germanic: cf. OFr. bois 'wood (small forest); wood (material)': attested ca. 1100 and said by the dictionary of the Institut de la langue française to be probably borrowed from OFrk. *bŏsk- 'bush' which is reconstructable from OHG & OS busc. The latter is attested in placenames as early as 937, and in OS brâmalbusc 'bramble, blackberry bush' (TLF). The early appearance of the word in Germanic excludes the hypothesis of borrowing from Romance into Germanic. Possibly via ON buskr m. 'bush'.
De Vries, Jan (1977). Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 3rd ed. Leiden: Brill
Simpson, J., & Weiner, E. S. 1989. Oxford English dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Trésors de la langue francaise informatisées. Centre national de ressources techniques et lexiques. http://www.cnrtl.fr/definition/
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
APQ47, APQ49, APQ49
Any ancestors and descendants of the selected element are shown in the graph, but siblings and cousins are not.
The element in question is marked in green.
When the etymological tree is displayed in hierarchical style, the nodes can be repositioned manually only within their level.
(Note that the node configuration is not saved in any way.)
The graph as a whole can be zoomed in on by scrolling and can be enlarged by dragging the right-lower corner.
Left-click on a node or edge to show additional information and links. In some browsers, the graph may be savable as an image when right-clicking on it.
This map shows the etymological links in a geographic context.