Lexeme – Details – busch, busche, busk, buske, bosk, boske

Lexeme

Transcription
busch, busche, busk, buske, bosk, boske
Script
IPA
Meaning
bush; thicket, undergrowth, scrub
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
Since 1888, OED maintains that the Germanic cognate forms (ON buskr, OHG bush, MDu. busc, bosc) are borrowed from Rom. bosco or LLat. boscum, boscus 'wood', "of which the ulterior source is unknown" (OED). More recently, most sources take the view that the Romance and Late Latin forms are borrowed from Germanic: cf. OFr. bois 'wood (small forest); wood (material)': attested ca. 1100 and said by the dictionary of the Institut de la langue française to be probably borrowed from OFrk. *bŏsk- 'bush' which is reconstructable from OHG & OS busc. The latter is attested in placenames as early as 937, and in OS brâmalbusc 'bramble, blackberry bush' (TLF). The early appearance of the word in Germanic excludes the hypothesis of borrowing from Romance into Germanic. Possibly via ON buskr m. 'bush'.

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Sources

Source
De Vries, Jan (1977). Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 3rd ed. Leiden: Brill
[AEW]
Source
Simpson, J., & Weiner, E. S. 1989. Oxford English dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
[OED]
Source
Trésors de la langue francaise informatisées. Centre national de ressources techniques et lexiques. http://www.cnrtl.fr/definition/
[TLF]
Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
APQ47, APQ49, APQ49

Etymology

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