Lexeme – Details – PIE. *h₂erǵ- 'brilliant white'

Lexeme

Transcription
PIE. *h₂erǵ- 'brilliant white'
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
Gr. ἄργυρος m. ‘silver’ < IE *h₂erǵ- 'brilliant white' / ἄργυρος derives from a u -stem also seen in ἄργυφος and in Skt. árju-na- 'white, bright', ToB ārkʷi 'white', Lat. arguō v. 'to make clear', Hitt. arkuu̯ae-zi v. 'to make a plea', etc. Other languages have a thematicized nt- stem in the word for 'silver': Lat. argentum, OIr. argat, Av. ərəzata-, Skt. rajatá- [n.], all < *h₂rǵ-nt-o-. / ἀργύριον 'silver coin, money'
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "ἄργυρος" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. November 29, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=3667 >, thematicized nt- stem in the word for 'silver': Lat. argentum, OIr. argat, Av. ərəzata-, Skt. rajatá- [n.], all < *h₂rǵ-nt-o-, PCelt. *arganto- ‘silver’ < PIE. *h₂erǵ-nt-o- 'silver' (RM) "Positing a full grade in PIE *h₂erǵnto- to account for the Celtic reflexes appears more probable than accepting the rule *h₂rC/ > PCelt. *arC-, but see also the development in *arto- 'bear'. The zero-grade *h₂rǵnto- would probably have yielded PCelt. **riganto-. Skt. rajatá- is compatible only with *h₂rǵnto-, not with *h₂erǵnto-, but cp. Skt. árjuna- 'silver', which may be from *h₂erǵ-u-no-, just as Gr. árgyros 'silver' is presumably from *h₂erǵ-u-ro-. This shows that the PIE word for 'silver' may have had an ablauting paradigm, perhaps originally heteroclitic *h₂erǵw-r / *h₂rǵwen-s.
Ranko Matasović. "arganto-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. November 29, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=16097 >, Lat. argentum n. ‘silver’ < PItal. *argento- < PIE. *h₂rǵ-nt-o- n. 'silver' / argenteus 'silver' [adj.] / Fal. arcentelom [acc.sg.n.] 'small silver coin', Osc. aragetud [abl.sg.], arage[ 'money'. / Gaul. arganto-(magus) , OIr. argat, W. arian 'silver', Skt. rajatá- 'silver-coloured; silver' (Skt. ra- is probably secondary for *r̥-), Av. ərəzata-, OP rdata- [n.], Arm. arcat' 'silver' (suffix like erkat' 'iron'). /In theory, the Latin word may have been borrowed into Oscan and Faliscan, but there is no positive proof of this
Michiel de Vaan. "argentum" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. November 29, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=12752 >, Arm. arcat' ‘silver; silver ware; money; wealth’. The two most likely etymologies are: 1) Arm. arcat' ‘silver; silver ware; money; wealth’ < PArm. *arcant- < PIE. *h₂rģ-nt-o-, under the influence of Arm. erkat' 'iron'; or 2) Arm. arcat' 'silver' <- Iran. *ardzata. That is to say, Arm. arcat' is certainly connected to the IE word for silver, either through inheritance via a change due to analogy, or else as "a very old Aryan (3rd-2nd millennium BC) or an old Iranian (first half of the 1st millennium BC) borrowing" (HKM).
Hrach K. Martirosyan. "arcat'" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. November 29, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=155 >

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
AOX1, AOY1, AOZ1, APA1, APB1

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