Lexeme – Details – PIE. *ǵh(e)i-m- 'winter'

Lexeme

Transcription
PIE. *ǵh(e)i-m- 'winter'
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
Gr. χεῖμα n. ‘winter, winter weather, storm’ < IE *ǵh(e)i-m- 'winter', IE *ǵhei (CDB), or *ǵheim-n-o- (thematic (RB)., PCelt. *gyemo- ‘winter’ < PIE. *ǵhyem- 'winter' (IEW: 425f.). IE cognates include Gr. kheímōn, Lat. hiems, OCS. zima, Arm. jiwn 'snow', Alb. dimër. The reconstruction of PCelt. *gyemo- is based on the assumption (Schrijver) that *gye- > *gya- in British and Gaulish. However, cf. Fr. givre, Pr. gibre, giure, Cat. gebre 'hoarfrost', which may be from Gaul. *gewro- < *gem(e)ro- (Gamillscheg 480).
Ranko Matasović. "gyemo-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 29, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=16553 >, 1. PGm. *gōīn- f. ‘late winter’ < IE *ǵhi-ōm- (GK): "In spite of some formal difficulties, the word must be related to the PIE word for 'winter' (GK). Note also Germ. *-gim(ro)- in animal names. " 2. Lat. hiems -mis f. ‘winter, storm’ < PItal. *χiem- 'winter' < PIE. *ǵhiém-m acc. 'winter'
1. Guus Kroonen. "gōīn-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 29, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=21220 > 2. Michiel de Vaan. "hiems" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 29, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=13400 >, LLat. hibernum m. 'winter' < Lat. hibernum_tempus m. 'wintery season' < hībernus adj. 'of winter' < PItal. χeim-r-ino- 'wintry' < PIE. *ǵheim-r-ino-. Replaced the classical Lat. hiems., IE *gheim- 4. PSl. *zimà f. ‘winter’ < BSl. *źeimaʔ < PIE. *ǵhei-m-eh₂ / OCS. zima / Ru. zimá /Cz. zima; Slk. zima; Pl. zima/SCr. zíma, Asg. zȋmu; Čak. zīmȁ (Vrg., Novi), Asg. zȋmu; zīmȁ (Orb.), Asg. zȋmo; Sln. zíma 'winter, cold'; Bulg. zíma / / Lith. žiemà 4; Latv. zìema
Rick Derksen. "zimà" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. October 29, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=20283 >, Celtic 'autumn/harvest'-words - compounds with preposition & *gyemo- ‘winter’ < PIE. *ǵhyem- 'winter'
CDB, Cz. podzim
RD

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
ALX1, ALY1, ALZ1, AMA1, AMB1, AMC1, ANK1, ANW1

Etymology

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