Lexeme – Details – PIE. *yug-o- 'yoke'

Lexeme

Transcription
PIE. *yug-o- 'yoke'
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
1. ζυγόν n. 'yoke' < IE *ieug- 'connect' (RB). 2. Hit. iūk-, iuka- n. ‘yoke, pair’ < PIE. *yug-o-m (AK).
1. Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "ζυγόν" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=5629 > 2. Alwin Kloekhorst. "iūk-" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=10826 >, Arm. luc ‘yoke; burden; beam of the balance of which the scales are suspended; pair; the constellation Libra (cf. Arm. lucali, lucatli 'the constellation Orion')’ (HKM). Cognate w. the Greek, Sanskrit, Latin etc forms. The initial l- has been explained by influence of *loyc- : luc-anem v. 'to unbind, loosen; to dissolve, liquidate; to absolve' (HKM)
Hrach K. Martirosyan. "luc" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=428 >, Lat. jugum n. 'yoke' < PIE. *(H)iunég-, *(H)iung- v. 'to yoke'; *(H)iugo- [n.] 'yoke', *(H)ieug-os- [n.] 'yoked animals, team' (MDV).
Michiel de Vaan. "iungō" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=13482 >, PGm. *juka- n. ‘yoke’ <proto-form. *iug-o- (GK). "Also cf. Go. jukuzi f. 'yoke' < *iug-us-ih₂- and MHG jiuch n. 'acreage' < *jeuka-. See further *jaukja-" (GK). "The Indo-European series jeug- : joug- : jug- is represented also by Old High German, Middle High German giuh , jiuch yoke, ‘yoke’ of land (whence late Old High German jûhhart , Middle High German jûchert , dialect German jauchert , juchert ), Latin jūgerum measure of land, Greek ζεῦγος yoke of beasts, couple; Old Norse eykr ( < Germanic *jaukiz ), Sanskrit yógya beast of draught; Sanskrit yuj , Greek ζευγνύναι , Latin jungere , Lithuanian jungiù to yoke, couple, join, Sanskrit yóga union" (OED).
Guus Kroonen. "juka-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=21617 >, PCelt. *yugo- ‘yoke’ < PIE. *yugo- 'yoke' "The Brittonic forms might be borrowings from Lat. iugum, while OIr. cuing presupposes *kom-yungi-, with *-n- from the present tense of the verbal stem (cf. Lith. jùngas), but the verb is unattested in Celtic" (RM).
Ranko Matasović. "yugo-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=17512 >, PSl. *jь̑go n. ‘yoke’ < BSl. *júʔgo < PIE. *yugo- (RD).
Rick Derksen. "jь̑go" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=19028 >

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
AIB1, AIC1, AID1, AIE1, AIF1, AIG1

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