Lat. ascĭa f. 'axe, adze'. Definitions vary significantly: 'adze-shaped tool of carpenters, masons, etc.' (CDB); 'axe, trowel' (MDV); 'spade, adze, tool for digging the earth or for cutting stone' (DH). “Since a sequence *ks is usually retained in intervocalic position in Latin (cf. axis, texō, auxilium, etc.), ascia cannot go back directly to a PIE form in *-ks-. Although it is similar in form and meaning to Gr. ἀξῑ́νη, Go. aqizi, OHG acchus 'axe', these forms cannot be reduced to one PIE preform. Hence, it is possible that we are dealing with a loanword in *aks- which underwent metathesis to *ask- before it entered Latin” (MDV). Michiel de Vaan. "ascia" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 21, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=12765 >, PGm. *akʷesī- f. ‘axe’ < proto-form. *h₂egʷis-ih₂- / "Akin to Greek ἀξίνη, and probably to Latin ascia" (OED). "Non-Indo-European?... The formal incongruences between Germanic, Latin and Greek are suggestive of a non-Indo-European origin... If this is correct, there is room for comparison with Akkadian ḥaṣṣinu 'axe' and Aram. ḥaṣṣīnā" (GK). RB proposes that Gr. ἀξῑ́νη, Akk. haṣṣinu and Aram. ḥaṣṣīnā are all borrowed from a single word in an Anatolian language. Guus Kroonen. "akʷesī-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 20, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=20445 >
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
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