1. PGm. *spadan- m. ‘spade’ < proto-form. *sph̥2-dh-on- (GK) 2. Gr. σπάθη [f.] 'flat and oblong object' < IE? *sph₂-dh(h₁)- 'blade, spade' (RB). "A Germanic-Greek formation. The word seems to have come about as a compound of the roots *speh₂- (cf. Gr. σπάω v. 'to draw, (e.g. a sword), to pull; to suck in, slurp down') and *dhh₁- v. 'to put' " (GK). 1. Guus Kroonen. "spadan-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 1, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=22486 > 2. Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "σπάθη" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 1, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=9278 >, "σπάθη" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek, edited by: Robert S. P. Beekes (Ph.D. 1969). Consulted online on 05/10/2017 <http://dictionaries.brillonline.com.ludwig.lub.lu.se/search#dictionary=greek&id=gr6317> First published online: October 2010
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
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