Lexeme – Details – PIE. *ser(p)- 'sickle, cut'

Lexeme

Transcription
PIE. *ser(p)- 'sickle, cut'
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
Gr. ἅρπη f. ‘sickle’ < PIE. *ser(p)- 'sickle'. Also a bird of prey, after its claws" (RB). RB is inclined to assume non-IE origin. CDB regards OIr. serr & OW serr as cognate with Gr. ἅρπη, but RB regards this as doubtful. Note also Skt. sṛṇī- 'sickle' < *ser-, Lat. sarpere v. 'to prune' (CDB).
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "ἅρπη" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. June 26, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=3727 >, PCelt. *serrā ‘sickle’ < PIE. *serp- 'sickle, cut' (IEW: 911f.) (RM) "Some consider these Celtic forms to be loanwords from Lat. serra 'saw', but the meanings do not match, so it is at least equally possible that they are inherited; the PIE form from which PCelt. *serpā developed would be *serpeh₂, with the full grade of the root, while Greek, Latin, and Latvian generalized the zero-grade (*srp-)" (RM)
Ranko Matasović. "serrā" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. June 26, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=17125 >, 1. Lat. serra f. 'saw; serrated battle formation' < PItal. *sersā- 'saw' < PIE. *sers-h₂- 'cutting off' (MDV) 2. PCelt. *serrā 'sickle' < PIE. *serp- 'sickle, cut' (IEW: 911f.) /MIr. serr OW serr OBret. ser gl. fiscina (instead of fuscina ). "Some consider these Celtic forms to be loanwords from Lat. serra 'saw', but the meanings do not match, so it is at least equally possible that they are inherited; the PIE form from which PCelt. *serpā developed would be *serpeh₂, with the full grade of the root, while Greek, Latin, and Latvian generalized the zero-grade (*srp-)" (RM).
Michiel de Vaan. "serra" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 19, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=14145 >

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
AEW1, AEX1, AGV1

Etymology

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