Lexeme – Details – turnip-1

Lexeme

Transcription
turnip-1
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
1. PGm. *rōbjōn- f. ‘turnip’ < proto-form. *rā̆p(h )- (GK). 2. Lat. rāpum n. 'turnip' < PItal. *rāpo- (MDV). 3. Gr. ῥάφυς, ῥάπυς f. 'turnip' (RB). "A post-IE word, possibly a Wanderwort or a relic from the agricultural cultures that covered Europe before the arrival of the Indo-Europeans. This non-IE origin is betrayed by the many formal irregularities displayed by the different IE languages, which makes it impossible to reconstruct a single proto-form." (GK). "This cannot be a regular PIE word: Latin, Baltic and OHG ruoba require *aH, Slavic has /ē/, and Greek single -a-. There is no prothetic vowel in Greek, and the vacillation between π and φ also suggests a loanword" (MDV). "Since the word is widespread only in Europe, and since it has variant forms, it cannot be an inherited word from PIE, but must have been borrowed instead, or otherwise belong to a substrate: cf. Lat. rāpum [n.], -a [f.], OHG ruoba [f.], Lith. rópė [f.], which all point to a pre-form *rāp-; beside these, we find OHG raba, CS rěpa, Ru. répa [f.], which point to *rēp- (cf. Machek Ling. Posn. 2 (1950): 158ff.). The Greek words, in turn, require *rap-, or raph-, respectively: ῥάπυς, ῥάφυς, ῥάφανος" (RB).
1. Guus Kroonen. "rōbjōn-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 10, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=22256 > 2. Michiel de Vaan. "rāpum" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 9, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=14017 > 3. Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "ῥάφανος" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 10, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=8822 >, PCelt. *arbīno- by metathesis from *rab-īno-: connected with Gr. ῥαφ-άνη, Lat. rāpa, G. Rübe. "Le mot a voyagé sans qu'on puisse tracer la route" (VH).
VH

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
ACB1, ACC1

Etymology

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