Lexeme – Details – PIE. *ǵrh₂-no- 'grain'

Lexeme

Transcription
PIE. *ǵrh₂-no- 'grain'
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
"The IE word for 'kernel' (GK). 1. PGm. *kurna- n. ‘corn, wheat’ < proto-form. *ǵrh₂-no- (GK). 2. PCelt. *grāno- 'grain' < PIE. *ǵrHno- 'grain' (IEW: 390f.) (RM). 3. PSl. *zь̀rno n. ‘grain’ < BSl. *źirʔn- < PIE. *ǵrh₂-no- (RD) "If the PIE word for 'grain' is derived from the root *ǵerh₂- 'ripen, age' (IEW 390, EIEC 236, cf. Skt. járati 'gets old', Gr. gérōn 'old man', etc.), then the correct reconstruction is *ǵrh₂no-. In any case, the meaning 'grain' is found only in the European branches of IE, so it is probably a semantic innovation"(RM).
Ranko Matasović. "grāno-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 5, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=16541 >, Lat. grānum n. 'grain, grape, seed' < PItal. * grāno- < PIE. *ǵrh₂-no- 'which has ripened, fruit, grain' (MDV). CDB notes that the word means 'a grain', but that the generic sense 'grain' is reflected in Lat. granarium 'granary', and in the derivatives in Romance languages (CDB). "There are two possible root etymologies: either *ǵrH-no- means 'which has ripened', and belongs to the root v. 'to be(come) old, ripen' (Skt. járanti 'they let grow old'), or it means 'which has been pounded, ground' and belongs to a root v. 'to rub, ground'. Yet in the latter case, the root would be without attested finite verb forms, and also, the semantics would be less evident: 'grains' and 'seeds' can be ground, but are not by definition. Hence, I prefer the former solution" (MDV). / 'wheat' words in Romanian & Albanian are from Lat. grānum n. 'grain, grape, seed' < PItal. *grāno- < PIE. *ǵrh₂-no- 'which has ripened, fruit, grain' (MDV).
Michiel de Vaan. "grānum" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 6, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=13361 >

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
ABN1, ABO1

Etymology

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