Gr. σῖτος m. '(generic) grain, cereal; bread, food; (specialised) wheat' (RB, CDB). PIE. “Often explained as a loanword from other IE languages, e.g. from Ru. žíto 'corn', OPr. geits 'bread' or from Go. ƕaiteis 'wheat', etc., or as a substrate word (taken with e.g. Basque zitu 'corn, harvest' or Sum. zid 'flour'). Nevertheless, the word looks IE, and Janda 2005 has suggested to reconstruct it as a substantivization of an adjective *σῑτό- 'threshed' derived from *tih₂-tó-, literally "struck", a *-to- ptc. from a PIE. verbal root *tieh₂- v. 'to strike, hit' as attested in Hitt. zāḫ-i / zaḫḫ- v. 'to hit, beat' < *tioh₂-. .. this etymology is of doubtful value” (RB). Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "σῖτος" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 6, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=9099 >
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
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