Lexeme – Details – barley-3

Lexeme

Transcription
barley-3
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
Greek, Albanian and Armenian items < *ghr̥yo- (HKM): "In view of formal difficulties, one may assume a Mediterranean substratum word: a 'Wanderwort' of Aegean origin" (HKM). Note also Basque gari 'wheat', garagar 'barley' and Georian & Megrelian kheri 'barley'.
1. Hrach K. Martirosyan. "gari" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 4, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=255 > 2. Michiel de Vaan. "hordeum" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 4, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=13412 >, 1. PGm *gerstō- f. ‘barley’ < proto-form. *ghersd-eh₂- (GK). 2. Lat. hordeum n. 'barley' < PItal. *χor(s)d-ejo- 'barley'. CDB suggests < PIE. *ģherzd(h)- and *ģhṛzd(h)-, but MDV hesitates: "Lat. hordeum can be connected with Greek, Albanian and Gm. words for 'barley' or 'grain', and maybe with Arm. and Hit. words for 'wheat'. Yet it is difficult to derive them all from one common preform: Latin and Gm. can go back to *gh(e/o)rsd-, but Greek has no -s-and the vowel can hardly reflect PIE *e or *r̥. Greek and Albanian could reflect *ǵhriT- (Armenian too?). Since barley was known in Europe from the seventh millennium BC, and since at least two main types of barley were in use, it is quite conceivable that the different IE dialects adopted 'barley' as a loanword when they migrated into Europe and Asia Minor" (MDV). "PGm. *gerstō- and Lat. hordeum go back to a root *ghersd-, but the sound correspondences with the other forms are irregular. This may point to a non-IE origin, perhaps borrowing from a European agricultural substrate. The alleged link to Hitt. karaš- n. 'wheat, emmer-wheat' (cf. Kloekhorst 2008: 444) is erroneous, this word being related to *hersja(n)- 'millet' " (GK).
1. Guus Kroonen. "gerstō-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 4, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=21177 > 2. Michiel de Vaan. "hordeum" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 4, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=13412 >

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
AAF1, AAG1

Etymology

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