Buck, C., D. (1949). A dictionary of selected synonyms in the principal Indo–European languages: a contribution to the history of ideas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Guus Kroonen. Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill. Brill Online.
Simpson, J., & Weiner, E. S. 1989. Oxford English dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
YM47, YM49, YM51
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The element in question is marked in green.
When the etymological tree is displayed in hierarchical style, the nodes can be repositioned manually only within their level.
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Left-click on a node or edge to show additional information and links. In some browsers, the graph may be savable as an image when right-clicking on it.
This map shows the etymological links in a geographic context.