Lexeme – Details – PIE. *ueh₁-i- ' to turn, bend, wind'

Lexeme

Transcription
PIE. *ueh₁-i- ' to turn, bend, wind'
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
1. Gr. οἶνος, ϝοῖνος m. 'wine' < PIE. *uoh₁i-no- 'wine', *ueh₁-i- 'turn, twist' (RB).2. Arm. gini 'wine' (HKM). "Greek (ϝ)οῖνος looks similar to other words for 'wine' in Southern European languages: Lat. vīnum < *uih₁no-, U vinu, etc., Arm. gini < *woin-ii̯o-, Alb. Gheg vênë < *woinā-." (RB) " note also Alb. vérë/vẽnë 'wine', Hitt. u̯ii̯an- c. 'wine', CLuw. u̯inii̯a- 'of wine', HLuw. wii̯an(i)- 'vine', etc" (HKM). "The IE word for 'wine' may be reconstructed from these forms; together with related ἴτυς 'willow', Lat. vītis 'vine', and various other words, it may be derived from the root *ueh₁-i- 'turn, bend'. As the wild vine was indigenous in southern Russia and in certain parts of central Europe, this assumption is acceptable from a historical point of view. However, as the cultivation of the vine started in the Mediterranean region, in the Pontus area and in the south of the Caucasus, most scholars are inclined to look for the origin of the word in these countries. This would point to non-IE origin. However, if we put the homeland of viticulture in the Pontus and the northern Balkans, the word for 'wine' might come from there. In this case, not only would the words mentioned from Greek, Lat., Arm., and Alb. derive from this IE source, but also Hitt. u̯ii̯an(a)-, HLuw. wii̯an(i)-, and the relevant Semitic words, like Arab. wain , Hebr. jajin. " (RB).
1. Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "οἶνος" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=7926 > 2. Hrach K. Martirosyan. "gini" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=281 >, Lat. vīnum ‘wine’ < Pital. *wīno- < PIE. *ueih₁-(ō)n, *uih₁-e/on-m, *uih₁-n- [m./f.] 'vine; wine' (MDV). "The IE words for 'vine' and 'wine' go back to an n-stem derived from the root v. 'to weave, wrap', hence 'vine' was referred to as 'the weaving one' (Beekes 1987b: 24)" (MDV). "Latin vīnum is primitively related to Greek ϝοῖνος, οἶνος wine, οἴνη vine, wine, Albanian vēne, Armenian gini, which according to some scholars are all derived from a common Mediterranean source, while according to others prim. Armenian *woiniyo (Armenian gini) is the immediate origin of the Greek, Latin, and Albanian words; the nature of the connection of the Indo-European words with the Semitic (Arabic, Ethiopic wain, Hebrew yayin, Assyrian înu) is disputed" (OED 1926).
Michiel de Vaan. "vīnum" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. May 23, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=14484 >, "Lat. vīnum is the source of all the other European words, except the Greek and Albanian" (CDB). "The Celtic and Germanic words were borrowed from Lat. vīnum, and from Germanic or Latin again the Slavic and Baltic words for 'wine' (RB). PGm. *wīnom (OED)
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "οἶνος" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 22, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=7926 >, Lat. vītis f. 'vine' (DH)
DH, vìnjaga
Rick Derksen. "àgoda" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 15, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=18380 >, CDB

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
VJ1, VK1, VL1, ADA1, ADH1, ADO1

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