Lexeme – Details – PIE. *widhu- 'wood'

Lexeme

Transcription
PIE. *widhu- 'wood'
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
Ir. giorria 'hare' < OIr. gerrfhíad 'hare' is a fused compound: OIr. gerr 'short' & -fhíad 'of the forest, of the wilderness > wild animal > deer'; thus literally 'short deer', or perhaps 'small wild animal'. Other OIr. names for the hare include: lornan, pata, miol moighe, geirrfhiadh, fíadmíol
"widu-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic, edited by: Ranko Matasovi?, Ph.D. (1995). Consulted online on 29/09/2017 <http://dictionaries.brillonline.com.ludwig.lub.lu.se/search#dictionary=proto_celtic&id=pc1426> First published online: October 2010, OIr. fíad m. 'wild animal; game; deer' < fíad adj. 'wild' < fid m. ‘wood’ < PCelt. *widu- ‘wood’ < PIE. *widhu- 'wood'. The sense 'wild' is preserved in compounds, including names for several species of wild animals.
"widu-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic, edited by: Ranko Matasovi?, Ph.D. (1995). Consulted online on 30/09/2017 <http://dictionaries.brillonline.com.ludwig.lub.lu.se/search#dictionary=proto_celtic&id=pc1426> First published online: October 2010, PCelt. *widu-biyo-: compound of PCelt. *widu- 'wood' < PIE. *widhu- 'wood' (IEW: 1117) and the verbal root *bheyH- 'strike, cut' (RM).
Ranko Matasović. "widu-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. December 14, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=17451 >, PGm. *widu- m. (also n.?) ‘tree; wood’ < proto-form. *(h₁)uidh-u- (GK). "The formation *uidh-u- could constitute a Celto-Germanic isogloss, but it is likely that also Lith. vidùs m. ‘middle’ (< “forested area between two centers of habitation”) belongs here. If so, the connection further allows for a PIE reconstruction *h₁ui-dhh₁-o- with an original meaning ‘set apart, abandoned’ (cf. *wīda- ‘wide’ and *widu(w)ōn- ‘widow’). Note that the word is embedded in a wider etymological cluster in Celtic, cf. W gwyd adj. ‘wild, untilled, overgrown’ < *ueidh-o- and OIr. fíad m. ‘1) wild animal; 2) uncultivated land, a waste spot’ < *ueidh-u-" (GK).
Guus Kroonen. "widu-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. December 14, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=23046 >, PCelt. *widu- ‘wood’ < PIE. *widhu- 'wood' / /OE widu, wudu, Lith. vidùs 'interior'. / Gaul. vidubia, vidobium 'hoe' (Fr. vouge) is from *widu- and the verbal root *bheyH- 'strike, cut' (PCelt. *widu-biyo-, cf. the parallel compound OIr. fidbae 'bill-hook', W gwddyf 'sickle'). Lat. dī-uido 'divide' is sometimes connected with this etymon (because woods mark the boundary of the inhabited territory), but it is actually from *(d)wi-dhh₁-o- (de Vaan 2008: 174; the root is *dheh₁- 'make, put', cf. Lat. facio).
Ranko Matasović. "widu-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. December 14, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=17451 >

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
PV1, SB1, AFG1, APT1, APU1

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