Lexeme – Details – fox-1

Lexeme

Transcription
fox-1
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
1. Arm. aɫuēs 'fox' (HKM). 2. Gr. ἀλώπηξ -εκος f. ‘fox’ < PIE. *h₂lop- 'fox' (RD). "I conclude that Arm. aɫuēs, 'fox', Gr. ἀλώπηξ, -εκος 'fox', and Indo-Iran. *raupāća- 'fox', prob. also 'jackal' are related; they are probably of non-IE origin; the appurtenance of the other forms is possible but uncertain." (HKM) "Lat. volpēs f. 'fox' possibly from *wlp-eh₁- ... The Greek and Indo-Iranian forms presuppose *h₂lōpe/ēḱ- and *h₂le/oupēḱ-, respectively, and the Armenian may be derived from both of them" (HKM) " Arm. aɫuēs < *alōpek- " (RB).
1. Hrach K. Martirosyan. "aɫuēs" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. March 24, 2014. 2. Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "ἀλώπηξ" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. March 24, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=3389 > < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=46 >, Indo-Iran. *raupāća- 'fox', prob. also 'jackal' < PIE. *h₂le/oupēḱ-, ON. refr m. 'fox'. Etymology uncertain, and much discussed. "ON refr... was borrowed from Iranian... This is supported by Spa. raposo, raposa, apparently a loanword from the same Sarmatian or Alanic source" (GK, citing Brøndal 1928: 10). Proto-Iranian *raupaśa- 'fox' < Indo-Iran. *raupāća- 'fox', prob. also 'jackal': compare Sogdian rwps- f., Khwaresmian rwbs f., Shughni růpc(ak) f., Ishkashimi urvesok, Yazghulami rəpc, rəbc, Yidgha rūso, Munji ráwsa, etc). -āćá- is an Indo-Iranian animal suffix (HKM). Note also Finn. repo < Finno-Ugric *repä 'fox', an Aryan loan. But AEW says "Scandinavian… but cf. Sp. & Pt. raposa 'fox', Oss. rubas, robas 'fox'… possibly < a wanderwort" (AEW).
Guus Kroonen. "fuhsa-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. March 24, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=21095 >, Sp. & Pt. raposa 'fox'. Of controversial origin. Iberian scholars see the word as Romance but disagree on details. According to Corominas: Pt. raposa <- Sp. raposa (1251) < Old Spanish & dial. rabosa (XIIIs.), a derivative from rabo ‘tail’, the -p- being due to the influence of Asturian rapiega ‘male fox’ and Sp. rapina ‘theft, banditry’. According to Machado, Pt. raposa <- Asturian or Leonese, already attested 1123 (DH). But note Proto-Iranian *raupaśa- 'fox' < Indo-Iran. *raupāća- 'fox', prob. also 'jackal' (cf. Sogdian rwps- f., Khwaresmian rwbs f., Shughni růpc(ak) f., Ishkashimi urvesok, Yazghulami rəpc, rəbc, Yidgha rūso, Munji ráwsa, etc). Finno-Ugric *repä 'fox' is an Aryan loan, while -āćá- is an Indo-Iranian animal suffix. (HKM)
Hrach K. Martirosyan. "aɫuēs" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. March 24, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=3389 >, Lat. volpēs, volpis m. ‘fox’ < PItal. *wolp-i- 'fox' < PIE. *(H)ulp-i- 'marten, cat'. Av. raopi- 'fox' < IIr. *laupi-, Av. urupi- 'marten' (vel sim.) < IIr. *lupi-, MPers. gurbag, Pers. gurba 'cat' < *wḷpaka-; Lith. vilpišỹs 'wild cat' < *wḷp-i-; Skt. lopāśá- 'jackal', Khot. rrūvāsa- 'jackal', MPers. rōpās, Oss. ruvas/robas 'fox' < IIr. *laupā̆ća- (< *h₂lowp-ē̆k-?). Probably unrelated: Gr. Arm. Lith. lãpė, Latv. lapsa 'fox', W. llywarn, MCo. lowarn, Bret. louarn < PCl. *lop-erno- < *h₂lō̆p- 'fox'. In theory, from *welp-i- or *w(o)lp-i-. Since we find *wlp- in Baltic and in Persian 'cat', volpēs probably continues the zero grade of the root.
Michiel de Vaan. "volpēs" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. March 24, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=14509 >, BSl. *lap-eš < PIE. *wlp-, *lup-, *lop-, *h₂wl(o)p-, *h₂ulp-: the relation to Arm., Gr. & Indo-Iranian is not clear., PCelt. *loferno- ‘fox’ < PIE. *h₂lop- 'fox': the relation to Arm., Gr. & Indo-Iranian is not clear.
1. Ranko Matasović. "loferno-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. March 24, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=16818 >

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
OI1, OJ1, OK1, OL1, OM1, ON1, OO1

Etymology

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