First attested ca. 1100 (TLF). Further etymology uncertain: many sources state that Lat. leopardus is a borrowing from Gr. λεόπαρδος, but RB disagrees: "Starting from the Iliad, the normal word for 'leopard' was πάρδαλις. Probably, λεόπαρδος was formally influenced by Lat. pardus, leopardus, or even a borrowing from Latin. The analysis as a compound of λέων and πάρδος is doubtful, because πάρδος is only attested (once), and λεο- instead of λεοντο- is rare” (RB).
Robert Farren. Native speaker of English. Conductor of LUNDIC project-internal analysis of Indo-European culture data.
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill. Brill Online.
Dictionary of the Irish language: based mainly on old and middle Irish materials. (1913-1976). Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. Online at: http://edil.qub.ac.uk/dictionary/search.php
Simpson, J., & Weiner, E. S. 1989. Oxford English dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Trésors de la langue francaise informatisées. Centre national de ressources techniques et lexiques. http://www.cnrtl.fr/definition/
DEX online (2004-2015). Dicționare ale limbii române. https://dexonline.ro/
Instituut voor Nederlandse Lexicologie (2007-2010). De Geïntegreerde Taalbank [online]. Available at: http://gtb.inl.nl/
Ó Dónaill, Niall & De Bhaldraithe, Tomás (red.) (1977). Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla. Baile Átha Cliath: An Rún.
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
NJ41, NJ43, NJ47, NJ49, NJ59, NJ93, NJ97, NJ103
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