Lexeme – Details – PIE. *h₂rtḱo- 'bear'

Lexeme

Transcription
PIE. *h₂rtḱo- 'bear'
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
PIE. *h₂rtḱo- 'bear' (IEW: 845) (RM); *h₂rtḱo- (MDV); 1. PCelt. *arto- [Noun] ‘bear’ < PIE. *h₂rtḱo- 'bear' (RM); 2. Lat. ursus m. 'bear' < PItal. *orsso-? < PIE. *h₂rtḱo- 'bear'… "some kind of tabooistic distortion probably affected the word for 'bear'." (MDV) ; 3. ἄρκτος [f. , m. ?] ‘bear’ (Il.) < PIE. *h₂rtḱo- 'bear' (RB). 4. Arm. arǰ < PIE. *h₂rtḱo- (HKM). "Despite the troublesome -ǰ-, probably to be explained by tabu (see 2.1.36), the appurtenance of Arm. arǰ to the PIE. word for 'bear' cannot be rejected [Meillet 1906: 8]" (HKM).
1. Ranko Matasović. "arto-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. March 14, 2014. 2. Michiel de Vaan. "ursus" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. March 14, 2014. 3. Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "ἄρκτος" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. March 14, 2014. 4. Hrach K. Martirosyan. "arǰ" in: Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. March 14, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=160 > < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=3701 > < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=14388 > < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=16101 >

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
LG1

Etymology

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