Lexeme – Details – cocc, coc, kok

Lexeme

Transcription
cocc, coc, kok
Script
IPA
Meaning
cock, rooster
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
m
Note
Further etymology uncertain., Further etymology uncertain. Compare ON kokkr (rare, according to Vigfusson only once in Edda), and OFr. coq 'male hen; later the male of other birds' < VLat. coccus, attested in VLat. since the 6th century, and which replaced OFr. jal < Lat. gallus (TLF). "Phonetically, it is possible that cocc is < Old Germanic *kukko- , from same root as chicken n.1 (*keukīno- ) viz. *keuk- , kuk- . But its frequent early spelling in Old English with k (kok, kokke, etc., four times out of five in Gregory's Past.) looks rather as if it were considered foreign; for k is rare, except in foreign words. Also its use in one (later mixed) text of the Salic Law, vii. 6 (MSS. of 8–9th cent.), ‘si quis coccum aut gallinam furaverit’ where other MSS. have gallum , and the Malberg glosses have annas , cannas for channas = original Germanic han- , rather favours its being Romanic. In any case, this shows coccus in the Latin of Northern Gaul, a century before the earliest known English instances... Wherever the name arose, it was probably echoic" (OED, 1891).

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Sources

Source
Buck, C., D. (1949). A dictionary of selected synonyms in the principal Indo–European languages: a contribution to the history of ideas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
[CDB]
Source
Simpson, J., & Weiner, E. S. 1989. Oxford English dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
[OED]
Source
Trésors de la langue francaise informatisées. Centre national de ressources techniques et lexiques. http://www.cnrtl.fr/definition/
[TLF]
Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
HR47, HR49, HR51

Etymology

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