Lat. gallina f. 'hen; chicken (generic); dish prepared with this bird' < gallus m. 'cock, rooster'. Further etymology uncertain., Lat. gallus m. 'cock, rooster' / gallīna f. 'hen' (MDV). Etym. disputed; perhaps originally 'gallic', on the assumption that the Romans became acquainted with the cock from Gaul, where it was brought by the Phoenicians; or, as a native word, 'crier' from *galso-, cf. ChSl. glasŭ 'voice', OE. callian 'call', etc." (CDB). "Theoretically, the bird could have been denominated 'the Gaulish one' (Gallus), but there are no indications that chickens were regarded as having come from Gaul. WH prefer the connection with Gr. καλαί̈ς, -ιδος 'precious stone; cock', but this does not have the same velar, and may be connected within Greek with καλέω. IEWs and Schrijver's connection with a root *glH- v. 'to call' seems much better; gallus would have been the 'caller'. Formally, though, there are difficulties: can gallus represent *glH-o- > *galos, whence *gal-n-o- > gallus? Since the root represents a sound, and is attested only in Slavic, Gm. and Italo-Celtic, it might reflect an onomatopoeia *gal-" (MDV). CDB, Lat. gallus m. 'bird of the genus galiforme (generic)'. Etym. disputed; perhaps originally 'gallic', on the assumption that the Romans became acquainted with the cock from Gaul, where it was brought by the Phoenicians; or, as a native word, 'crier' from *galso-, cf. ChSl. glasŭ 'voice', OE. callian 'call', etc." (CDB). CDB
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
GZ1, HO1, IH1
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