Lexeme – Details – goat-10

Lexeme

Transcription
goat-10
Script
IPA
Meaning
Meaning Note
Grammatical Data
Note
1. PGm. *hafra- 'male goat, buck' < proto-form. *kap-ro-;  "The vacillation of *kapro- with *gabro- as well as the occurrence of *a, which was no phoneme in PIE, may point to a non-IE origin (Schrijver 1991: 96). If so, the word must have been adopted by the individual IE daughter languages after their settlement among different groups of linguistically connected European agriculturalists." 2. PCelt. *gabro- ‘he-goat’; *gabrā ‘she-goat’ < PIE *kapr 'he-goat' (IEW: 529) (RM). 3. Lat. caper m. ‘he-goat, buck’ < PItal. *kapro- 'he-goat' (MDV). "One could reconstruct a PIE root *kh₂p-, but It is more likely that we are dealing with a loanword: no single PIE word for 'goat' can be reconstructed, and *kap- is suspiciously close to Celtic *gab-ro-" (MDV)., 1. PGm. *hafra- 'male goat, buck' < proto-form. *kap-ro-;  "The vacillation of *kapro- with *gabro- as well as the occurrence of *a, which was no phoneme in PIE, may point to a non-IE origin (Schrijver 1991: 96). If so, the word must have been adopted by the individual IE daughter languages after their settlement among different groups of linguistically connected European agriculturalists." 2. PCelt. *gabro- ‘he-goat’; *gabrā ‘she-goat’ < PIE *kapr 'he-goat' (IEW: 529) (RM). 3. Lat. caper m. ‘he-goat, buck’ < PItal. *kapro- 'he-goat' (MDV). "One could reconstruct a PIE root *kh₂p-, but It is more likely that we are dealing with a loanword: no single PIE word for 'goat' can be reconstructed, and *kap- is suspiciously close to Celtic *gab-ro-" (MDV).
1. Guus Kroonen. "hafra-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. March 4, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=21280 > 2. Ranko Matasović. "gabro-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 16, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=16481 > 3. Michiel de Vaan. "caper" in: Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. July 16, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=12864 >, VLat. caprītus 'small goat' < Lat. caper m. 'he-goat, buck'. Attested in the sense 'male goat' in the VIII century (TLF).
DH, TLF, Gr. κάπρος m. ‘(wild) boar’. "Agrees with an Italo-Germanic word for 'he-goat', Lat. caper, U cabru 'caprum', and in Germanic e.g. ON. hafr" (RB)
Robert Beekes (with the assistance of Lucien van Beek). "κάπρος" in: Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. March 14, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=6216 >, PGm. *habran- m. ‘oats’ < PGm. *hafra- m. ‘male goat, buck’ < proto-form. *kap-ro-
Guus Kroonen. "habran-" in: Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online. Edited by Alexander Lubotsky. Brill, 2014. Brill Online. August 5, 2014. < http://iedo.brillonline.nl.ludwig.lub.lu.se/dictionaries/lemma.html?id=21277 >

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Sources

Source
Robert Farren, PIE culture words collection, 2017
[Farren (2017)]
Location
FE1, FF1, FG1, FS1, LZ1, AAZ1

Etymology

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